The Hudson’s Bay Company conducted a census in 1835, a year in which many land grants were made.
The official version, sent to the HBC London Committee, is available online from at the Archives of Manitoba website. Getting to it might be complicated, but it’s worth it.
- Start at “Red River Settlement census returns sent to the Governor and Committee,”;
- click on “view an online list of these records — that will drop you to the bottom of the same page, where you need to again click on “view an online list of these records”;
- when you land on the page with the list, clicking on the tiny arrow “→” to the right of the description of the year you want to view will take you to the page with digitized images of the census,
- clicking the thumbnail images in the gallery at the bottom will take you to a larger, scrollable view with a nifty magnifying glass that appears when you move your cursor over the page.
- Historians D.N. Sprague and R.P. Frye combined the census data for that year, with information about recipients of grants dating from 1814 onwards, in “Table 2: Family Size, Personal Property and Geographical Location of Land Owners, 1835,” The Genealogy of the First Metis Nation: the development and dispersal of the Red River Settlement, 1820-1900 (Winnipeg: Pemmican Publications, 1983). For an explanation of their sources and method for compiling this table see page 33, http://www.ourroots.ca/e/page.aspx?id=929692.
Screen capture of page 1 of 8, http://www.ourroots.ca/e/page.aspx?id=929782
Note: the farmed acreage refers to tilled/cultivated land (so does not include pasturage). The ID numbers can be cross referenced with other tables in the book to track individuals and families over time.