Red River Bibliography: Online Published Primary Sources

Organized by Date of Publication [unless other wise indicated]:

1810s

Samuel Hull Wilcocke, Simon McGillivray, and Edward Ellice, A Narrative of Occurrences in the Indian Countries of North America, Since the Connexion of the Right Hon. the Earl of Selkirk with the Hudson’s Bay Company, And his attempt to Establish a Colony on the Red River; With a Detailed Account of His Lordship’s Military Expedition to, and subsequent Proceedings at Fort William, in Upper Canada (London: B. McMillan, 1817).

Britain, Parliament, House of Commons, Papers relating to the Red River Settlement: viz. return to an address from the Honourable House of Commons to His Royal Highness The Prince Regent, dated 24th June, 1819 (1819).

1820s

Andrew Amos, Report on the Trials in the Courts of Canada, Relative to the Destruction of the Earl of Selkirk’s Settlement on the Red River; With Observations (London: John Murray, 1820).

John West, The Substance of a Journal During a Residence at the Red River Colony, British North America; And Frequent Excursions Among the North-West American Indians, In the Years 1820, 1821, 1822, 1823 (London: L.B. Seely and Son, 1823).

1850s

David Anderson, Notes of the flood at Red River, 1852 (London UK: Hatchard, 1852).

Alexander Ross, Red River Settlement: Its Rise, Progress, and Present State. With Some Account of the Native Races, and Its General History, to the Present Day (London: Smith, Elder & Company, 1856).

Visit to Red River,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 13, no. 77 (October 1856): 665-672.

[See Cornell University’s Making of America site if links are problematic]

E. Littell, “Hudson’s Bay Company,” reprinted from The New York Journal of Commerce, 8 September 1857, in The Living Age 55, no. 702 (November 7, 1857): 363-364.

[See Cornell University’s Making of America site if links are problematic]

Henry Youle Hind, Report on the Exploration of the Country between Lake Superior and the Red River Settlement (Toronto: John Lovell, 1858).

Great Britain, Parliament, House of Commons, Select Committee on the Hudson’s Bay Company, Report from the Select Committee on the Hudson’s Bay Company together with the proceedings of the committee, minutes of evidence, appendix and index [London: HMSO, 1858].

Great Britain. Colonial Office; Canada. Governor-General; Hudson’s Bay Company, Hudson’s Bay Company: Return to an address of the Honourable the House of Commons, dated 16 February 1858: For, “Copies or extracts of any correspondence that has taken place between the Colonial Office and the Hudson’s Bay Company, or the Government of Canada, in consequence of the report of the Select Committee on the affairs of the Company, which sat in the last session of Parliament” (London: s.n, 1858).

People Of The Red River,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 18, no. 104 (January 1859): 169-176.

The Red River Trail,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 18, no. 107 (April 1859): 602-620.

The Red River Trail,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 19, no. 109 (June 1859): 37-55.

[See Cornell University’s Making of America site if links are problematic]

1860s

Henry Youle Hind, Narrative of the Canadian Red River Exploring Expedition of 1857  and of the Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Expedition of 1858. In Two Volumes. Volume II (London: Longman Green, Longman and Roberts, 1860).

John Palliser, Thomas Wright Blakiston, Further Papers Relative to the Exploration by the expedition under Captain Palliser of that portion of British North America which lies between the northern branch of the River Saskatchewan and the frontier of the United States; And between the Red River and the Rocky Mountains, and thence to the Pacific Ocean (London: George Edward Eyre and William Spottiswoode, Printers to the Queen’s Most Excellent Majesty, 1860).

Manton Marble, “Red River and Beyond ,” [Part I] Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 21, no. 123 (August 1860): 289-311.

[See Cornell University’s Making of America site if links are problematic]

Manton Marble, “Red River and Beyond ,” [Part II] Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 21, no. 125 (October 1860): 581-606.

[See Cornell University’s Making of America site if links are problematic]

Manton Marble, “Red River And Beyond ,” [Part III] Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 22, no. 129 (February 1861): 306-323.

[See Cornell University’s Making of America site if links are problematic]

S.J. Dawson [Civil Engineer], Report on the Line of Route between Lake Superior and the Red River Settlement (Ottawa: Hunter Rose and Company, 1868).

1869

Library and Archives Canada, MG27-IC6, Red River Rebellion, William MacDougall fonds, item 11, “Declaration of the people of Rupert’s Land and the North-West,” (8 December 1869), signed by John Bruce and Louis Riel.

John Foster, Railway from Lake Superior to Red River Settlement, Considered in a Letter to Hon. Wm. McDougall C. B., Minister of Public Works (Montreal: John Lovell, 1869).

Alex J. Russel [C.E., Inspector of Crown Timber Agencies, Canada East and West], The Red River Country, Hudson’s Bay and North-West Territories, Considered in Relation to Canada, With the Last report of S.J. Dawson, Esquire, C.E., On the Line of Route between Lake Superior and the Red River Settlement (Ottawa: G.E. Desbarats, 1869).

Alexandre A. Taché, Histoire et origine des troubles du N.-Ouest racontées sous serment par Sa Grandeur Mgr. l’archevê que de St-Boniface ([Montréal? : s.n.], 1869).

1869-1870

Canada, Governor General, Report of Delegates Appointed to Negotiate for the Acquisition of Rupert’s Land and the North-West Territory (Ottawa: 1869).

Alexander Begg, Alexander Begg’s Red River journal: and other papers relative to the Red River resistance of 1869-1870, ed. W.L. Morton (Toronto: Champlain Society, 1956). [NB: Although the transcription was published much later — the original journal dates to the period.]

Glenbow Museum, M-6058, Louis Riel Collection “James Ross’ Scrapbook,” (1869-1870).

1870

Canada, Sessional Papers vol. 5, 3d session, no. 12 (1870) is available through Early Canadiana Online, Canadiana.org, but there is a paywall (minimum $10 to download the pdf).

Canada, Parliament, Correspondence and papers connected with recent occurrences in the Northwest (Ottawa: 1870).

Canada, Senate, Report of the Select Committee of the Senate on the Subject of Rupert’s Land, Red River, and the North-West Territory (Ottawa: 1870).

G.O. Corbett, “The Red River Rebellion:” the Cause of It (London: Cassel, Petter and Galpin, 1870).

Great Britain, Parliament, House of Commons, “Correspondence Relative to the Recent Disturbances in the Red River Settlement,” Accounts and Papers of the House of Commons, session 8 February -10 August 1870, vol. 50, Colonies and British Possessions continued vol. 10 (London: William Clowes and Sons, 1870).

Canadian Who has Visited Manitoba to Discover the Truth, Ontario and Manitoba ([c.1870]).

[Frederick William Chesson, Alexander Kennedy Isbister, Aborigines Protection Society], Red River Insurrection: Hon. Wm. McDougall’s Conduct Reviewed (Montreal: John Lovell, 1870).

William McDougall, ed., The Red River Rebellion. Eight Letters to Hon. Joseph Howe, Secretary of State for the Provinces, etc., In Reply to an Official Pamphlet (Toronto: Hunter, Rose and Company, 1870).

Louis Riel, “Pour prouver aux nations sauvages que le peuple de la Riviere Rouge ne veut pas les laisser maltraiter par le Canada …” (Maison du Government, Fort Garry, le 23 Mars, 1870)

Alex. J. Russel, The Red River Country, Hudson’s Bay and North-West Territories Considered in Relation to Canada, 3d ed. (Montreal: G.E. Desbarats, 1870).

1871

Alexander Begg, The Creation of Manitoba, Or, A History of the Red River Troubles (Toronto: Hunter, Rose and Company, 1871).

Alexander Begg, “Dot it down” a story of life in the North- West (Toronto : Hunter, Rose, 1871).

Joseph James Hargrave, Red River (Montreal: John Lovell, 1871).

Captain G.L. Huyshe, The Red River Expedition (New York: MacMillan & Company 1871).

M. Bell Irvine, Report on the Red River Expedition of 1870 (London: Harrison and Sons, 1871).

1874

Canada, Parliament, House of Commons, Select Committee, Report of the Select Committee on the Causes of the Difficulties in the North-West Territory in 1869–70 (Ottawa: I.B. Taylor, 1874).

Canada, Parliament, House of Commons, Journals of the House of Commons of the Dominion of Canada vol. 8, 1st session, 3d parliament (Ottawa: I.B. Taylor, 1874).

J. Disturnell, Sailing on the Great Lakes and Rivers of America; Embracing a Description of Lakes Erie, Huron, Michigan & Superior, And Rivers St. Mary, St. Clair, Detroit, Niagra & St. Lawrence; Also, the Copper, Iron and Silver Region of Lake Suoerior, Commerce of the Lakes, &c. Together with Notices of the Rivers Mississippi, Missouri and Red River of the North; Cities, Villages and Objects of Interest. Forming Altogether a Complete Guide to the Upper Lakes, Upper Mississippi, Upper Missouri, &c. Also, Railroad and Steamboat Routes (Philadelphia: J. Disturnell, 1874).

[Mssrs.] Elliot, and Brokovski, eds., Preliminary Investigation and Trial of Ambrose D. Lepine for the Murder of Thomas Scott, being a full report of the preceedings in this case before the Magistrates’ Court and the several Courts of Queen’s Bench in the Province of Manitoba (Montreal: Burland – Desparats, 1874).

George T. Denison, ed. [attributed], Reminiscences of the Red River Rebellion of 1869 ([c.1874]).

Louis Riel, L’Amnistie: Mémoire sur les causes des troubles du Nord-ouest et sur les négociations qui ont amené leur règlement à l’amiable (Montréal: Bureau du Nouveau Monde, 1874).

1875-1879

Canada, Parliament, House of Commons, Debates of the House of Commons of the Dominion of Canada, vol. 1, session 1875, ed. A.M. Burgess (Ottawa: C.W. Mitchell, 1875).

James Carnegie, Earl of Southesk, Saskatchewan and the Rocky Mountains a diary and narrative of travel, sport, and adventure during a journey through the Hudson’s Bay Company’s territories in 1859 and 1860 (Toronto: J. Campbell, 1875).

General A.L. Chetlain, “The Red River Colony,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 58, no. 343 (December 1878): 47-55.

[See Cornell University’s Making of America site if links are problematic]

Canada. Public Accounts Committee, First Report of the Select Standing Committee on Public Accounts in reference to expenditure on the Canadian Pacific Railway between Fort William and Red River (Ottawa: MacLean Roger and Company, 1879).

1880s

Donald Gunn/ Charles B. Tuttle, History of Manitoba from the Earliest Settlement; And from 1835 to the Admission of the Province into the Dominion (Ottawa: McLean, Roger and Company, 1880).

Charles Arkoll Boulton, Reminiscences of the North-West Rebellions, With a Record of Her Majesty’s 100th in Canada, and a Chapter on Canadian Social and Political Life (Toronto: Grip Printing and Publishing Company, 1886).

W[illiam] Pearce, Detailed report upon all claims to land and right to participate in the North-West Half-Breed Grant by settlers along the south Saskatchewan and vicinity west of range 26, w. 2nd meridian being the settlements commonly known as St. Louis de Langevin, St. Laurent or Batoche and Duck Lake ([Ottawa? : s.n.], 1886).

Charles N. Bell, The Selkirk Settlement and the Settlers: A concise history of the Red River country from its discovery (Winnipeg: Commercial, 1887).

Charles Napier Bell, ed., Alexander Henry, Continuation of Henry’s journal : covering adventures and experiences in the fur trade on the Red River, 1799-1801 (Winnipeg: Manitoba Free Press, 1889).

1890s

R.M. Ballantyne, The buffalo runners: a tale of the Red River plains (London: James Nisbet and Co., 1890).

Robert B. Hill, Manitoba: history of its early settlement, development and resources (Toronto: William Briggs, 1890).

C.A. Kenaston, “The Great Plains of Canada,” The Century; a popular quarterly 44, no.  4 (August 1892): 565-581.

John Macbeth, “Social customs and amusements of the early days in Red River Settlement and Rupert’s Land: a paper read before the Society on January 24th, 1893″ (Winnipeg: Manitoba Free Press, 1893).

Elliott Coues ed., Alexander Henry, David Thompson, New light on the early history of the greater Northwest. The manuscript journals of Alexander Henry … and of David Thompson … 1799-1814. Exploration and adventure among the Indians on the Red, Saskatchewan, Missouri and Columbia rivers, vol. I (New York: Francis P. Harper, 1897).

Elliott Coues ed., Alexander Henry, David Thompson, New light on the early history of the greater Northwest. The manuscript journals of Alexander Henry … and of David Thompson … 1799-1814. Exploration and adventure among the Indians on the Red, Saskatchewan, Missouri and Columbia rivers, vol. II (New York: Francis P. Harper, 1897).

Elliott Coues ed., Alexander Henry, David Thompson, [index], New light on the early history of the greater Northwest. The manuscript journals of Alexander Henry … and of David Thompson … 1799-1814. Exploration and adventure among the Indians on the Red, Saskatchewan, Missouri and Columbia rivers, vol. III (New York: Francis P. Harper, 1897).

R.G. MacBeth, The Selkirk Settlers in Real Life (Toronto: William Briggs, 1897).

R.G. MacBeth, The Making of the Canadian West, Being the Reminiscences of an Eyewitness (Toronto: William Briggs, 1898).

Archer Martin, The Hudson’s Bay Company’s Land Tenures and the Occupation of Assiniboia by Lord Selkirk’s Settlers with a list of Grantees under the Earl and the Company (London: William Clowes and Sons, 1898).

1900s

George Bryce, The Remarkable History of the Hudson’s Bay Company: Including that of the French Traders of North-Western Canada and of the North-West, XY, and Astor Fur Companies (Toronto: William Briggs, 1900).

[L’Abbé] G[eorge] Dugas, Histoire véridique des faits qui ont préparé le mouvement des métis à la Rivière-Rouge en 1869 (Montreal: Librairie Beauchemin, 1905).

George Bryce, The Romantic Settlement of Lord Selkirk’s Colonists (The Pioneers of Manitoba) (Toronto: Musson Book Company, 1909).

George T. Denison, The Struggle for Imperial Unity: Recollections and Experiences (Toronto: McMillan and Co., 1909).

John H. O’Donnell, Manitoba as I saw it, from 1869 to date: with flash-lights on the first Riel Rebellion (Winnipeg : Clark Bros., 1909).

1910s

John McDougall, In the days of the Red River Rebellion, life and adventure in the far west of Canada, 1868-1872 (Toronto: W. Briggs, 1911).

Louis Schmidt, typescript, “Les Memoirs de Louis Schmidt,” 1911-1912, Archives of Manitoba, MG9 A31, Louis Schmidt Papers. Available online from University of Saskatchewan Libraries Special Collections, [A.S.] Morton Manuscripts Collection, MSS-C550-2-3-20, http://scaa.sk.ca/ourlegacy/permalink/25702.

Isaac Cowie, The Company of Adventurers : a narrative of seven years in the service of the Hudson’s Bay Company during 1867-1874, on the great buffalo plains; with historical and biographical notes and comments (Toronto: William Briggs, 1913).

Frank Howard Schofield, The Story of Manitoba (Winnipeg: S.J. Clarke, 1913).

Henry Woodington, “Diary of A Prisoner in Red River Rebellion,” Niagara Historical Society 25 (1913).

E.H. Oliver, The Canadian North-West: its early development and legislative records : minutes of the councils of the Red River Colony and the Northern Department of Rupert’s Land, vol. I (Ottawa: Government Printing Bureau, 1914).

E.H. Oliver, The Canadian North-West: its early development and legislative records : minutes of the councils of the Red River Colony and the Northern Department of Rupert’s Land, vol. II (Ottawa: Government Printing Bureau, 1915).

Thomas E. Hill, “Special Homestead Regulations, in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba,” in Making Money from the Soil, The Open Door to Independence, What to Do — How to Do, On City Lots, Suburban Grounds, Country Farms: The Provinces of Canada, Counties and Districts, Cities, Towns and Villages, with Population, Climate, Soil, Agricultural Productions and Possibilities (Toronto: McLeod and Allen, 1915).

1920s

A.C. Garrioch, First furrows : a history of the early settlement of the Red River country, including that of Portage la Prairie (Winnipeg: Stovel, 1923).

W.J. Healy, Women of Red River; being a book written from the recollections of women surviving from the Red River era (Winnipeg: Russell, Lang and Co., 1923).

Fred C. Lucas, ed., An historical souvenir diary of the city of Winnipeg, Canada (Winnipeg: Cartwright and Lucas, 1923).

Margaret McWilliams, Manitoba Milestones (Toronto: J.M. Dent and Sons, 1928).

1930s

J.J. Gunn, Echoes of the Red : a reprint of some of the early writings of the author depicting pioneer days in the Red River settlements (Toronto: Macmillan Co. of Canada, 1930).

A.G. Morice, A critical history of the Red River Insurrection, after official documents and non-Catholic sources (Winnipeg: Canadian Publishers, 1935).

A.-H. de Trémaudan, Historie de la nation Métisse dans l’Ouest canadien (Montreal: A. Lévesque, 1935).

George F. G. Stanley, The Birth of Western Canada: A History of the Riel Rebellions (London: Longman’s Green and Company, 1936).

Arthur S. Morton, A History of the Canadian West to 1870-71, Being a History of Rupert’s Land (The Hudson’s Bay Company Territory) and of the North-West Territory (Including the Pacific Slope) (London: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1939).

_______________________________________________________

Published: 14 April 2013

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