St. Margaret’s/ High Bluff

[under construction]

Residents of St. Margaret’s Parish in 1870, who were represented

~~~

view along Assiniboine river

View showing bluffs along the Assiniboine River, photographed 1890. Credit: Geological Survey of Canada / Library and Archives Canada / PA-050882. Restrictions on use: Nil. Copyright: Expired.

Archdeacon William Cockran established the first St. Margaret’s Anglican Church, built in 1861, after some settlement had already taken place. (The church was replaced in 1901).

A Presbyterian Church was constructed c. 1869.

It is likely that John Lazarus Norquay Sr.’s home settlement at High Bluff along the Assiniboine — because it was small — was enlarged as an electoral riding to the extent that it included representation for the people of the Whitemud River farming area and Westbourne (a.k.a Second Crossing, on the Whitemud), which were accessible from High Bluff via Portage Creek and Lake Manitoba (as were the settlements at Oak Point and St. Laurent).

westbourne mission

Westbourne Mission, established 1859, sketched c. 1865.

The people of Whitemud and Westbourne shared family ties with settlers of Red River, particularly those who lived along the Assiniboine. Many were nevertheless considered to be ‘Indians’ rather than Métis (or regarded themselves as sovereign and not under Hudson’s Bay Company jurisdiction, or, as not falling withing the bounds of the new province of Manitoba) and so were not included in the Archibald Census of 1870 (which was designed for the purpose of counting Métis within Manitoba’s boundaries).

Whitemud and Westbourne families are included under separate subheadings below, as are families of Rat Creek Portage (on or near where the creek joins the Whitemud — not to be confused with Rat Portage/ Kenora). (For the families of Oak Point and St. Laurent see Baie St. Paul and White Horse Plain, this site).

_______________________________________________________

River Lot #.                 Individuals and Heads of Families, listed with Spouses,

and listed with Children in household (by ages) 

[and ID# from D.N. Sprague and R.P. Frye, The genealogy of the first Metis nation : the development and dispersal of the Red River Settlement, 1820-1900 (Winnipeg: Peguis, 1983).]

[numbered links are to pages of the 1870 Archibald census]

_______________________________________________________

[?]

J. Dillworth (Canadian)

Temporary resident, arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

[?]

William Dillworth (Canadian)

Temporary resident, arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

[?]

Archibald Mcdonald (Canadian)

Temporary resident, arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

[?]

Murdoch McLeod (Canadian)

Temporary resident, arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

[?]

James Francis Sanderson (Métis, born 1848 to James Sanderson and Elizabeth Anderson)

Originally of Portage la Prairie, arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

[?]

Thomas Scott (Irish Canadian, born c. 1842)

Fugitive in hiding, arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

[?]

[498] John Ferguson (Irish, born 1835)

_______________________________________________________

24?

[683-684] James George Adams (Métis, born 1849 to James Adams and an unidentified woman) married Ann Haywood (Métis, born 1849? to Joseph Haywood and [?])

[#3339]

_______________________________________________________

26-29

[494] James Jock (Scottish Canadian, born 1835 to James Jock and an unidentified woman)

Arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

_______________________________________________________

26-52

[674-675] John Sanderson (Métis, born 1843 to #4323 James Sanderson and Elizabeth Anderson) married Ann Elizabeth Smith (Métis, born 1846 to Lutte? Smith and an unidentified woman)

– [676-677] Ann Elizabeth 4, Harriet 2, John Henry 1.

[#4326]

– [678] Ann Norquay 17 (Métis, born to John Norquay and an unidentified woman).

_______________________________________________________

29

[491-492] Thomas Sinclair (Métis, born 1835 to William Sinclair and an unidentified woman) married Mary McDonald (Métis, born 1844 to William McDonald and an unidentified woman)

– [493-494] Edwin 4, Mary 2.

[#4793]

– [495-496] Francis (son of James Sinclair) 9; Elizabeth Sinclair/ Anderson 14.

_______________________________________________________

45-48?

Hon. John Lazarus Norquay ‘Sr.’ (Métis, born 1837 to #3754 Henry Norquay and Mary) married Mary Sanderson (Métis, born 1839 to #4323 James Sanderson and Elizabeth ‘Betsy’ Anderson)

– [673] Joseph William 1.

[#3755]

_______________________________________________________

52?

[680-681] James Adams (Métis, born 1845 to #19 George Adams and an unidentified woman) married Elizabeth Ann Bruce (Métis, born 1847 to #559 James Bruce and an unidentified woman)

– [682] Elizabeth Ann 4;

[#21]

_______________________________________________________

53?

[685-686] Robert Adams (Métis, born 1847 to #19 George Adams and an unidentified woman) married Ann Pocha (Métis, born 1849 to Joseph Pocha and an unidentified woman)

– [687] Catherine 1.

[#26]

– [688] Mary 15, [689] Maria 9 (Métis, children of George Adams and an unidentified woman).

Arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

_______________________________________________________

54

[690-691] George William Sanderson (Métis, born 1843 to James Sanderson and Elizabeth Anderson) married Elizabeth Adams (Métis, born 1850 to George Adams and an unidentified woman)

– [692] John George 1.

[#4335]

Arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

_______________________________________________________

54-56

[693-694] Robert Inkster (Métis, born 1836 to #2402 John Inkster and Isabella Sanderson) married Harriet Gill (Métis, born 1838 to Robert Gill and an unidentified woman)

– [695-698] Eliza 21, James 14, William 10, Annie 5.

[#2401]

_______________________________________________________

55

[705-706] Angus Smith (Scottish, born 1836 to Donald Smith) married Mary Inkster (Métis, born 1836 to John Inkster)

– [707-710] Alex 10, Isabelle 8, Catherine 6, Margaret 4; [711] John Smith 21.

[#4811]

_______________________________________________________

56

[699-700] Duncan McPhail (Scottish, born 1836 to Angus McPhail and an unidentified woman) married Matilda Inkster (Métis, born 1846)

– [701-704] Isabella, 21, Harriet 8, Angus 6, Catherine 4.

[#3472]

_______________________________________________________

57

[712-713] Alexander McLeod (Scottish, born 1841 to Donald McLeod and an unidentified woman) married Isabella Inkster (Métis, born 1847 to #2402 John Inkster and Isabella Sanderson)

– [714-717] Donald, 6, Mary, 4, William 3, Christian 1.

[3551]

_______________________________________________________

58?

[718-719] Joseph Adams (Métis, born 1842 to #19 George Adams and an unidentified woman) married Ann Bird (Métis, born 1844 to George Bird and an unidentified woman)

– [720] Thomas 5.

[#23]

[721] Joseph Adams (Métis, born 1849 to Joseph Adams and an unidentified woman)

[722] Eliza Inkster (Métis, born 1856 to John Inkster and an unidentified woman)

_______________________________________________________

59

[723-724] John Foulds (Métis, born 1830 to #1623 John Foulds and Mary Fidler) married Ann Adams (Métis, born 1835 to George Adams and an unidentified woman)

– [725-732] Robert 15, William 13, John 11, Alexander 9, Martha 7, Elizabeth 5, Flora Ann 3, Sarah 1.

[#1625]

_______________________________________________________

60

[733-734] William ‘Billy’ Pacquin dit Pocha (Métis, born 1841 to Joseph Pocha and an unidentified woman) married Maria Anderson (Métis, born 1848 to #94 Thomas Anderson and Catherine Landry)

– [735-736] Harriet 2, Jane Mary 1.

[#3944]

Arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

_______________________________________________________

62

[751-752] James Tait (Métis, born 1832 to William Tait and an unidentified woman) married Mary Pocha (Métis, born 1837 to Joseph Pocha and an unidentified woman)

– [753-758] Antoine 10, Joseph William 9, Mary Matilda 6, James 5, Fanny 3, Gilbert 1.

[4920]

_______________________________________________________

63

[759-760] Thomas Pocha (Métis, born 1849 to Joseph Pocha and an unidentified woman) married Rosalie Flammond (Métis, born 1850)

– [761-762] Henry George 1, Thomas William 1.

[3797]

_______________________________________________________

64

[737-738] John ‘Johnny’ Pacquin dit Pocha (Métis, born 1835 to #3943 Joseph Pocha and Josephte Descoleaux) married Harriet Spence (Métis, born 1838 to John Spence and an unidentified woman)

– [739-742] Harriet 13, Mary 8, William 6, John 1.

[#3945]

Arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

_______________________________________________________

66

[763-764] Charles Pocha (Métis, born 1843 to #3943 Joseph Pocha and Josephte Descoleaux) married Mary Anne Tait (Métis, born 1847 to Joseph Tait and an unidentified woman)

– [765-766] Maria 2, George 1.

[#3796]

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66-70

[767-768] Joseph Pocha (Métis, born 1810 to #3798 Capt? Joseph Pocha and Margaret) married Marie Lapointe (Métis, born 1820 to #2628 Augustin Lapointe and Charlotte)

– [769-773] Gilbert 25, Henri 22, George 18, Catherine 14, Betsy 11.

[#3943]

66-70

[774-775] Joseph Halcrow (Métis, born 1823 to #2087 Thomas Halcrow and Mary Sutherland) married Sophia Cook (Métis, born 1827 to #947 William Hemmings Cook and either Mary or Kahnawpawana)

– [776-782] Jemima 18, Barbra 16, Mary 12, Elizabeth Jane 9, Sophia 7, Mary 2, Charles 2.

[#2086]

_______________________________________________________

68

[743-744] Joseph Pacquin dit Pocha Jr. (Métis, born 1833 to #3943 Joseph Pocha and Josephte Descoleaux) married Matilda Hodgson (Métis, born 1834)

– [745-750] John James 10, Joseph 8, Charlotte 6, William 4, Maria 3, Charles Thomas 1.

[#3775]

Arrested as a member of the ‘Portage Party.’ [See Prisoners, this site.]

_______________________________________________________

69

[792-793] Peter Hourie (Métis, born 1830 to #2243 John Hourie and Margaret) married Sarah Whitford (Métis, born 1837)

– [794-800] Margaret 15, Thomas Taylor 13, Alexander 11, Edward? Joseph 9, Albert Edward 5, Elizabeth 3, Flora 1.

[#2236]

_______________________________________________________

70

[783-784] Philip Hourie (Métis, born 1832 to #2243 John Hourie and Margaret) married Neptune? Cook (Métis, born 1840 to William Cook and an unidentified woman)

– [785-791] Jemima 13, James 11, Sarah Ann 9, Mary Jane 7, William Archibald 5, Magdelene 3, Andrew 1.

[#2237]

_______________________________________________________

71

[802-803] Andrew Spence (Métis, born 1837 to #4431 George Spence and Nancy Ward) married Letitia Cook (Métis, born 1838 to #933 Charles Cook and an unidentified woman)

– [801] George Charles 13, [804-807] Emma 11, Edwin 9, John James 5, Ronald 2.

[#4426]

71?

[814] George Spence (Métis, born 1790; died 1845) married Nancy Ward (Métis, born 1800 to John Ward and an unidentified woman)

[#4431]

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Whitemud River and Vicinity

(Totogan/ Kaw-wee-ka-ton-gack/ Sandy Bay Band)

[159 persons in 1873; 183 – 235 persons; “almost 37 families” in 1874; additional linked-numbers below (for eg. ‘No. 1’) are taken from the Treaty Pay Sheet, 1875.]

The first survey of Treaty First Nations people in the vicinity took place in 1876. Names of First Nations individuals and families of the area will be added to the list below as they are found and sorted.

[?]

No. 43. Aaytahohoummeekeemuek[?], married to an unidentified woman.

– 1 son, 1 daughter [in 1875].

[?]

No. 5. Ahpiskekoonan/ Ahpeskekoman/ Pierre Roulette Sr., married to an unidentified woman.

– 3 sons, 2 daughters [as of 1875].

[?]

Ain-di-bah-ting/ Ay-ee-ta-pe-pe-tung/ Je-ta-pe-pe-tungh/ ‘Sitting Firmly By It’/ ‘He Who Sits By It‘ (A’aninin/ White Earth)

Present at Portage by 1851. Spokesman for Portage Band (1871), whose remarks indicate that the people of Whitemud considered themselves to be a separate Band, with their own Chief — though for treaty purposes, Canada initially considered the inhabitants of Whitemud as co-extensive with First Nations people living at the Portage.

[?]

No. 18. Antoine Awasis, married to an unidentified woman [in 1875].

[?]

Antoine Boileau/ Beaulieu.

[Present in 1876 with wife and child.]

[?]

No. 24. Francois Boileau (no description; absent in 1875?).

[?]

No. 35Jean-Baptiste Boileau/ Beaulieu (Métis, born 1814 to Baptiste Beaulieu and Ka-takoa-ko-ia-way/ Josephte; absent in 1875?) married Josephte Richard (Métis)

Alexandre 16, Michel 9.

[Present in 1876 with wife and 4 children.]

[?]

No. 39. Joseph Boileau/ Beaulieu (no wife listed, 1875).

[?]

No. 21. Joseph Desjarlais Sr./ Okitsheta (Métis, born 1806 to Nishecabo/ Baptiste Desjarlais and Charlotte Lizette Cardinal) married LaLouise Josephte Richard (Métis, born to Joseph Richard and Isabelle)

– Eulalie 19, Patrice 14, Isadore 6.

[3 sons, 1 daughter in 1875; present in 1876 with wife and 4 children; lived at “N.W. 1/4 section of section 23, Township 17, Range 9, west. Owing to not being able to find the posts, the position of these buildings are not accurate; two small houses, stable, two cows, three calves and three horses; has lived here about fifteen years.”]

[?]

No. 26. Paul Desjarlais, married to an unidentified woman.

– 3 sons, 2 daughters [in 1875].

[?]

No. 11. Eliza Desmarais (no husband listed, 1875).

– 3 sons, 4 daughters [in 1875].

[?]

No. 43. Francois Desmarais (no wife listed).

[?]

Kahkeekayake (First Nations, son of Manogezhic/ Meniquisk)

Later married unidentified woman (born c.1871-1876 to Baptiste Spence Sr.)

[?]

Kah we tah piness/ Oosketoak

[Present in 1876 with wife and 6 children.]

[?]

Katakoakioway/ Josephte

[Present in 1873.]

[?]

No. 27. Kaywetahpenais (no description; absent 1875?).

[?]

No. 9. Kecheepenais/ Kitche piness, married to an unidentified woman.

– 1 son, 1 daughter [in 1875].

[?]

Keekonisance/ Kegonisanse/ Kekonsinons/ Kekonsins/ Keekowsase/ Kee-koo-sas [Keecheeweese?] ‘Little Fish’/ Joseph LaVasseur/ Levasseur/ Le Vasseur (Métis, born 1825 to [?] Le Vasseur [Lower Canadian] and Koe-Koink at Pembina; died 1895/ 1896) married Okapeh-wessak/ Philomene English/ Shakan (Métis, born to Joseph English/ Shakan and Wabans Kepkook)

Netawoosake/ Sarah 18, John George 14, Augustin 12, Michel 10, Marie 8 [12?], Alexander 6.

Keekonisance was present at Portage by 1851. He was affiliated — by way of paylists — with the Portage Band (1871), Short Bear/ Long Plain First Nation (1876), and Whitemud/ Sandy Bay (1877); withdrew from treaty (1887); reinstated (1892).

[?]

No. 25. Louison Lasoite[?]/ Lacoite/ Wezaesaquet (no description; absent 1875?)

[Present in 1876 with wife and child.]

[?]

No. 15. Manookeesik/ Mano-gezhic, married to an unidentified woman.

– 3 sons, 4 daughters [as of 1875; present in 1876 with wife and 8 children].

[?]

No. 23. Christine Mateonwenin[?] (no partner listed in 1875).

– 1 daughter [in 1875].

[?]

No. 12. Michael/ Michel Mattoawenine/ Matta we we, married to an unidentified woman (1875).

– 4 sons, 2 daughters [in 1875; present in 1876 with wife and 7 children].

[?]

No. 22. Baptiste Matwawenind Jr. (no wife listed, 1875).

– 1 son [in 1875].

[?]

No. 40. Francois Matwonunin/ Mat wa we we nin, married to an unidentified woman [as of 1875].

[Present in 1876 with wife and child].

[?]

Minno geshik gook

[Present in 1876 with wife].

[?]

No. 28. Antoine Mossons[?], married to an unidentified woman.

– 2 sons, 2 daughters, 1 other relative [in 1875].

[?]

[Chief] No. 1. Nahweecheewaykahpow/ Nawachegapow/ Na Wa Witchecapo/ Nanawatchekapowo/ Na-wa-che-way-ka-pow/ Na-naw-wachaw-wa-ca-paw, married to an unidentified woman.

– 2 sons [in 1875].

[?]

Naytahohgugik/ Natohohgeezick/ Nettahwe-ke-jik (Métis, born to Keekonisance/ Kegonisanse/ Kekonsinons/ Kekonsins/ Keekowsase/ Kee-koo-sas [Keecheeweese?] ‘Little Fish’/ Joseph LaVasseur/ Levasseur/ Le Vasseur and Okapeh-wessak/ Philomene English/ Shakan; died 1879) married an unidentified woman (reported to be at Pembina 1883; died c. 1886)

– By 1874: six sons.

[Took annuity at Portage and Whitemud.]

[?]

No.36. Nichtamekapowwek (no husband listed).

– 1 daughter [in 1875].

[?]

Noos hai me kook/ Nooshaionegook/ Nozaymekook  (First Nations woman)

[Present in 1876 with child.]

[?]

No. 37. Ota ange (no wife listed).

1 son [in 1875].

[?]

No. 31. “Papahmagsit’s ‘Mother'” (no description; absent in 1875?).

[?]

No. 41. Basile Pacheto, married to an unidentified woman.

– 1 son, 1 daughter [as of 1875].

[?]

Pay pah ma gezhic/ Noel Boileau/ Beaulieau (born to Josephte/ Katakoakioway)

[Present in 1876 with 3 children and 1 relative — possibly his mother, No. 31 above,  who was also present in 1873.]

[?]

Pinesse we geeshi gook (First Nations woman; died 1876)

[By 1876 had two children.]

[?]

Baptiste Roulette married Keewaytanook/ ‘North Wind’/ Lalouise Beaulieau (First Nations)

– Wahpeskekoman/ Ahpekekoman/ Wahpeskekoman/ Pierre Roulette 1.

[?]

No. 44. Shahmageniah/ Sha mog o nis (no wife listed in 1875).

[Present in 1876 with wife and 2 children.]

[?]

No. 32George Spence (Métis, born 1828 to William ‘Wallach’ Spence and Reine Trottier) married Janet Sinclair (separated) and lived with Marie Gorre (Métis).

–  Joseph 1 [2 other sons as of 1875], 2 daughters [as of 1875].

On 15 July 1870 was at Manitoba House. Moved permanently to Whitemud River in 1873. By 1876 was counted as First Nations and had 5 children (Joseph 7?, David 5, Catherine 3, Harriet 1, Jane 0.); lived at “S.E. 1/4 section, of section 33, Township 18, range 9, West. A house about 30 feet by 20 feet, stable, nine head of cattle, four horses, and has lived here about two years.”

[?]

No. 19. William Spence, married to an unidentified woman.

– 1 son [as of 1875].

[?]

No. 34William Sutherland (Métis, born 1847 to #4552 Robert Sutherland and Catherine Asham; stepmother throughout childhood was Ann/ Jane Henderson) married Margaret Desjarlais (died c. 1881).

– 1 son (Alexander 1), 1 daughter (by 1875).

[#4908]

Previously lived with parents at Portage la Prairie. On 15 July 1870 was at Manitoba House. Present at Whitemud in 1876 with wife and 3 children.

[?]

No. 8. Tahgense/ Tah-ganse (no description 1875; absent?).

[Present in 1876 with wife and 5 children.]

[?]

No. 6. Tootooch/ Too-toosh, married to an unidentified woman.

– 3 sons [in 1875].

[?]

No. 7. Wahsahonk/ Wah-sa-houk (no description, 1875; absent?)

[Present in 1876 with wife and 3 children.]

[?]

Weegeegon/ Weewagon/ Wesekun/ Weezegan (Saulteaux; died c. 1886/ 1887) married Peequakotoos (died c. 1900 at St. Boniface home for the aged).

– By 1871: 1 boy, 2 girls. Took annuity at Portage and Whitemud.

[?]

Wee soc wee tay equa/ Wesahkootamequa/ Wesoakootaywequay (First Nations woman)

[?]

No. 10. Welimes[?], married to an unidentified woman.

– 4 sons, 3 daughters [in 1875].

[?]

No. 14. “Widow West” (Attange-kapaweek/ Madeleine?).

– 1 son.

[?]

No. 13William West (no description 1875; absent?; present in 1876. Born 1852 to Keh-keshepeness/ Michel West and Attange-kapaweek/ Madeleine)

[?]

No. 3. Wuesecoop/ Wees-coop, married to an unidentified woman [Sioux].

– 1 son, 1 daughter [as of 1875].

_______________________________________________________

[70-133?]

[1-2] James C. Walker (Scottish, born 1800/1830 to Peter Walker and an unidentified woman) married Mary McIntyre (Scottish, born 1798/1828 to Duncan McIntyre)

– [3] Peter Walker 32.

[#5216]

[70-133?]

[4-5] William Shannon (Irish, born 1837 to Timothy Shannon and an unidentified woman) married Catherine Hourie (Métis, born 1844 to Robert Hourie and an unidentified woman)

– [6-7] Kate 3, William 1.

[#4797]

[70-133?]

No. 20. [8-9] Baptiste Matwawenind/ Matwawinin/ Matwawaned/ Natwawanind Sr. (First Nations, born 1824 to James Matwawinin) married Angele Plan [Plante/ Laplane?] (Métis, born 1830 to Francois Plan [Plante/ Laplante?] and an unidentified woman)

– [10-17] Baptiste 20, Monique 18, Christian 16, Jean-Baptiste 13, Ellen 11, Julia 8, Michel 4. [2 sons, 4 daughters in 1875 Paysheet].

Possibly Matawawawin who in 1876 lived at “N.W. 1/4 section of section 26, Township 17, range 9, west. A small house, stable, and has fenced about an acre in garden; has lived here eight years.”

[70-133?]

[18-19] John Anderson (Métis, born 1803 to #79 James Anderson and Mary Demoran) married Mary Desmarais (Métis, born 1804 to Francois Desmarais)

[#88]

[70-133?]

[20-21] Charles Anderson (Métis, born 1835 to #88 James Anderson and Mary Desmarais) married Maria Cook (Métis, born 1834/ 1841 to #3616 William Cook and Mary Beardy)

– [22-28] Joshua 11, William Henry 9, Mary Ann 8, Catherine 7, Caleb? 5, Joseph 3, Charles 1.

[#71]

[70-133?]

[29-30] Henry Charles Desmarais (Métis, born 1845 to #1235 Baptiste Desmarais and Sophia Erasmus) married Mary Ann Whitford (Métis,, born 1851 to James Whitford and an unidentified woman)

– [34-35] Charles Thomas Desmarais 3, Elizabeth Jane Desmrais 1.

[#1148]

[70-133?]

[36-37] John A. Anderson (Métis, born 1849/ 1850 to #94 David/ Thomas? Anderson and Catherine Landy?) Mary/ Anna? Halcrow (Métis, born 1852 to #2088 David Halcrow and Elizabet Corrigal)

[#83]

[70-133?]

[38-39] Baptiste Desmarais (Métis, born 1812 to Franscois Desmarais) married Sophia Eneaud/ Erasmus? (Métis, born 1816)

– [40-44] John Peter 19, Rebecca 15, Flora Sara 12, Victoria H. 10, Maria Jane 6.

[#1235]

[70-133?]

[45-46] George W. Hodges (Non-Aboriginal, born 1828 to Jonathan Hodges in the U.S.) married Catherine Margaret Desmarais (Métis, born 1843 to Baptiste Desmarais and an unidentified woman)

– [47-49] William Rupert 8, Adelaide Flora 5, James 2; Flora Budd Hodges (Métis, daughter of Andrew Patterson) 10.

[#2171]

[70-133?]

[60-61] Charles Anderson (Métis, born 1826 to #78 James Anderson and Jane Truthwaite; RC) married Ann Birston (Métis, born 1830 to William Birston and an unidentified woman)

– [62-64] Charles 22, William 21, James 18, [65-70] Christy Anna 16, Bella 12, Harriet 10, Robina Jane 7, Joseph 5, Catherine Laura 2.

[#70]

[70-133?]

[71-72] Charles Desmarais (Métis, born 1806/ 1816 to Francois Desmarais) married Catherine Favel Harriot (Métis, born 1816 to Humphrey Favel and an unidentified woman)

– [73-74] Eliza 26, Margaret 17.

[#1236]

[70-133?]

[74-76] Pierre Cadotte (Métis, born 1843 to #613 Joseph Cadotte and P. Chartrand) married Catherine Desmarais (Métis, born 1849 to #1236 Charles Desmarais and Catherine Favel)

[#621]

[70-133?]

[77-78] Michel Desmarais (Métis, born 1845 to #1236 Charles Desmarais and Catherine Favel) married Isabella Sinclair (Métis, born 1843 to #4388 William/ John? Sinclair and Mary)

– [81-82] James G. 4, Joseph 2.

. [79-80] Alfred Bird 9 (son of Edward Bird and an unidentified woman), Henry James Bird 7 (son of Edward Bird and an unidentified woman),

[#1237]

[70-133?]

[83-84] Samuel Smith (Métis, born 1846/ 1849 to #4409 John James Smith and Mary) married Mary Ann Desmarais (Métis, born 1849/ 1850 to Baptiste Desmarais and an unidentified woman)

– [85-86] John James 3, William B. 1.

[#3501]

[70-133?]

[87-88] James Whiteway/ Witimase? (Métis, born 1826 to #5182 James Whiteway and an unidentified woman) married  Chloe Spence (Métis, born 1836/ 1837 to Andrew Spence and an unidentified woman)

[#5183]

[70-133?]

[89-90] Nicholas Spence (Métis, born 1824 to #4424 Andrew Spence and Margaret) married Sophia Peebles (Métis, born 1830)

– [92-97] James 18, Nicholas 16, William 12, Catherine 9, David 6, John 4.

[#4459] [Counted as First Nations, 1876?]

–  [91] Frederick Thomas (Métis, born 1848 to William Thomas and an unidentified woman)

[70-133?]

[98-99] Eustache Roussin (Métis, born 1823 to Charles Roussin and an unidentified woman) married Mary Carron (Métis, born 1833 to #687 Antoine Carron and Angelique St Germain)

– [100-103] Cabot 18, Pierre 11, Eustache 8, Francois R. 6.

[#4235]

[70-133?]

[104-105] Baptiste Kakawang (First Nations, born 1830) married Margaret Bellhumeur (Métis, born 1835 to Michel Bellehumeur and an unidentified woman)

– [106-109] Louise 15, Madeleine 6, Paylete 4, Isabelle Philomene 2.

[70-133?]

[110-111] Eustache Witimase (First Nations, born 1835) married Mary Okanan (Métis, born 1840)

– [112-115] Lizette 7, John 6, Mary 4, Christian 1.

[#5271]

[70-133?]

[116] Madeleine Witimase (First Nations, born 1820)

– [117] Mary (Métis, daughter of J. Bellehumeur) 10.

[70-133?]

[118-119] James Anderson (Métis, born 1832 to #78 John/ James Anderson and Jane Truthwaite) married Fanny Gill (Métis, born 1837 to #1961 Robert Gill and and an unidentified woman)

– [120-122] William Charles 16, Robert 14, Patrick 12, [123-126] Mary 10, Eummina 8, Nancy Sophia 5, Philip 2.

[#80]

70-133

[127-128] Robert Anderson (Métis, born 1842 to #88 John Anderson and Mary Desmarais) married Elizabeth Kip (Métis, born 1842 to Donald Kip in the U.S.)

– [129-132] Mary 8, David 6, Harrier 5, David 2.

[#91]

_______________________________________________________

111-133

[133-134] James Whitford (Métis, born 1822 to #5169 James Whitford and Mary Spence) married Mary Robillard (Métis, born 1824 to Peter Robillard and an unidentified woman]

– [135-140] Uphenia 16, James C. 14, William Robert 12, Andrew 10, Peter 5, John 2.

[#5170]

111-133

[141-142] We-tcha-mash/ John/ Jean-Baptiste Spence Sr. (First Nations/ Métis, born 1807/ 1811/ 1812, according to the census to an Orcadian [George Spence or Magnus Spence or Joseph Spence?] and Tche-tchit/ Catherine a Swampy Cree woman) married Marie/ Marie Margaret Roulette/ Matwewenin (First Nations/ Métis, born 1816 to Joseph Matwewinin/ Roulette and Marie/ Marguerite Tepe-Nowa-banook)

– [Marie 20?], [144-148] Louis 17/ 18, Mary 16/ 18 (married Lawson Wesawok), John ‘Johnny’ 14, Ellen/ Helene 8/ 10, Elisa 6.

[#3678]

Baptise Spence, either Sr. or Jr., took treaty with, or at the same time as the St. Peter’s Band (Treaty 1, 1871).

Baptiste Spence Sr. “settled his family near the shores of Lake Manitoba on SE-36-14-9w, land given him by the Provincial Government in 1874.”

111-133?

No. 2. [143] Jean-Baptiste Spence Jr. (Métis, born c. 1835 to Jean-Baptiste Spence and Marie Matwewenin/ Roulette; died 1897) married 1858 Josephte (Saulteaux), and 1864 Marie Kyipaya/ Kijipayashik (Saulteaux), and 1867 La-Louise Fisher (Métis, born to Henry Munro Fisher Jr. and Marie Anne)

– Jean Baptiste ‘Samuel’ 15/ 17, Paul 11, Jean-Baptiste 6/ 7, Francois 4, Patrice 2, William 1.

[3 sons in 1875. In 1876 settled “N.W. 1/4 section of section 2, Township 17, range 9, west. Has four horses; built his house last fall.” See comment below regarding marriages and children]

_______________________________________________________

[?]

[149-150] David Anderson (Métis/ First Nations, 1828 to #88 John Anderson and Mary Desmarais) married (1858) Ann ‘Nancy’ Badger/  Blaireaux (Métis, born 1836) and Ann ‘Nancy’ Smith (First Nations, born 1835 to John James Smith and Ann ‘Nancy’ Favel; deceased)

– [151] Sally E. 17.

[#73]

David Anderson took treaty with, or at the same time as the St. Peter’s Band (Treaty 1, 1871).

_______________________________________________________

Westbourne Mission

_______________________________________________________

[?]

No. 4. Francois Desjarlais, married Henriette Gladu (Métis).

Marie 4,  Joseph 1.

Present in 1869; 1 son, 2 daughters in 1875; present 1876 with wife and 4 children.

[?]

Joseph Matwewin/ Roulette (Métis, born 1796) married Marie/ Marguerite Tepe-Nowa-banook (possibly Mdewakaton Sioux, born to Wabasha and an unidentified woman)

[“settled on and farmed the piece of land that after the 1871 survey became SE. 24-14-9w. … In 1867, at the age of 81, Joseph Matwewinin was still able to grow and thresh out six bushels of grain and dig up six bushels of potatoes in a summer, as well as ride his own horse. Unfortunately neither his nor his wife’s names appear on the 1870 census.”]

[?]

No. 17. Francois Awahais/ Richard (born 1828 to Joseph Richard and Isabelle) married Marie Favel (Métis) and Marguerite Lacouette (Métis, born 1824)

– Thomas 12, William George 11, Josephte 8,  Madeleine 2.

[Present 1868; at Water Hen River 1870; 2 sons, 2 daughters in 1875; present 1876.]

_______________________________________________________

9

The church mission, parsonage, and school, established as early as 1859.

[#1903]

[9?]

[51-52] Peter Garrioch (Métis, born 1811 to #1908 William Garrioch and Anne ‘Nancy’ Cook-Sutherland) married Margaret McKenzie (Métis, born 1826 to [#3427 sic, perhaps a typo] Kenneth McKenzie and Susannah Davis)

– [53] Kenneth McKenzie 22, Laura 16, John West 14, Emily 12, Isabel Margaret 6, William C. Ridley 3, Alice Jane 1.

_______________________________________________________

Rat Creek and Portage Rat

_______________________________________________________

[?]

Allen Wilson Graham (Upper Canadian)

With his brother, William Graham, staked a 1600 acre claim on unceded First Nations land. Decided to return to Ontario. [See Prisoners, this site]

[?]

William Graham (Upper Canadian)

With his brother, Allen Wilson Graham, staked a 1600 acre claim on unceded First Nations land. Conveyed report (c. 2 November 1869) to Canadians at Portage la Prairie that ‘Catholics’ had taken Upper Fort Garry and had stopped the mails; that John C. Schultz had been told to leave the country (he was still an unrepentant jail-breaker at large); and that all Canadians would be expelled. Decided to return to Ontario. [See Prisoners, this site.]

[?]

[152-153] David Anderson (First Nations, born 1822 to Ma cha cha pis) married Mary Anderson (Métis, born 1826 to John Anderson and an unidentified woman)

[#74]

[?]

[154] George Duncan M. McVicar (Michigander, born 1846 to D. McVicar).

Left the settlement after 18 February 1870 for Ontario, but returned later in the year. [See Prisoners, this site]

[?]

[155] Kenneth McKenzie (Scottish, born 1821 to John McKenzie) married an unidentified Non-Aboriginal woman

– [156-158] Ann 21, Kenneth 19, James 17.

_______________________________________________________

111-133

[159-160] Charles Fawcett (Upper Canadian, born 1831 to Joseph Fawcett  and an unidentified woman) married Samantha Tyler (Upper Canadian, born 1836 to Hayes Tyler and an unidentified woman)

– [161-167] James H. 15, Robert John 13, Clarice M. 10, Albert H. 9, Ancel B. 6, Chester G. 4, Mary L. 1.

[#1505]

111-133

[168-169Robert Sutherland (Non-Aboriginal, born 1825/ 1829 to John Sutherland and an unidentified woman) married Jane/ Anne Henderson (Non-Aboriginal, born 1830/ 1832 to Samuel Henderson and an unidentified woman), and? Catherine Asham (Métis, born 1826; died 1849)

– [170-178] Samuel 20, John Black 18, Alexander 16, Peter 14, Robert 12, Daniel Neil 8, Catherine Jane 6, William Donald 4, Flora Ann 2.

[#4552]

Robert Sutherland moved c.1874 with wife and 2 children to Whitemud River and by 1876 lived at “N.E. 1/4 section of section 33, Township 18, range 9, west. A small house; has lived here about two years.”

_______________________________________________________

Responses

  1. Reference 143: Jean Baptiste Spence Junior, born about 1835, married three times, and had children from each marriage. Your record of his marriages and his children are all mixed up. Marie 20, Louis 17, Helene 10, Elise 7, were not Jean Baptiste Spence Junior’s children. These four were his sisters and a brother, not his children. His wives and children were as follows, source St. Francois Xavier Roman Catholic Church records, and Metis scrip records:

    First marriage Sept 1, 1858, to Josephte, a Saulteaux woman, one son Jean Baptiste (Samuel) Spence, born 1853 along the Grand Coteau. In 1870, the time of this census, he would be age 17.

    Second marriage Aug 24, 1864, to Marie Kijipayashik, a Saulteaux woman, one son Jean Baptiste Spence, born 1863 at Whitemud River. He would be age 7. Another son Paul, cannot verify, my records are in storage. A third son Francois, born and died shortly after. I have these church records but they are in storage right now.

    Third marriage June 17, 1867, to LaLouise Fisher, daughter of Henry Fisher Jr. and Marie Anne. Children son Patrice born about 1868 and died shortly after. Another son William born 1870. They had many children, all born after 1870 when this census was done.

    Ida A. Spence
    Great-granddaughter to Jean Baptiste Spence Junior

    • Many thanks for catching the error Ida, and for supplying solutions — I’ll get these sorted asap.


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