Baie St. Paul/ St. Paul in the bay/ Wabassong and White Horse Plain/ Prairie du Cheval Blanc

[under construction]

Residents of Baie St. Paul and White Horse Plain/ Plains in 1870, represented

  • in The Convention of Forty/ La Grande Convention by Pierre ‘Joachim’/ ‘Walkim’ Thibert and Magnus Birston (both usually referred to as being of St. Francois Xavier Parish — the question of boundary locations is discussed below);
  • in the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia by Hon. Pierre Poitras, who apparently superseded the authority of Patrice Breland. The latter had been overseeing parish affairs in the place of his father, Pascal Breland/ Berland. Pascal was away, acting as a leader of the fall/ winter Qu’Appelle buffalo hunt. Patrice Breland did not participate officially in the capacity of member of the Legislative Assembly. Instead, designated a “captain in the service of ‘The Provisional Government,’” he was sent out to the plains during the spring to reassure Métis buffalo hunters that they could return their harvest to the settlement, confident that all was in order. [See Colin Inkster, cited in “The Toronto Telegraph’s ‘Own Correspondent,’” New Nation (23 July 1870), 2; also “A Flat Denial, Own Correspondent’s Fables!” New Nation (23 July 1870), 2; “Our Conciliatory Tone,” New Nation (23 July 1870), 2; and Isaac Cowie, The Company of Adventurers: A Narrative of Seven Years in the Service of the Hudson’s Bay Company during 18671874 (Toronto: William Briggs, 1913), 391–392, 395, 398, 401–406, 412.]

Poitras seconded the motion put forward by Hon. Louis Schmidt (St. Boniface) on 24 June 1870 to adopt the Manitoba Act. After the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia was prorogued, “From July 15 to the following August 24,” Poitras was a member of the Executive Council which governed the settlement “in the interests of Canada, its province of Manitoba, and its Northwest territories.”

~~~

Baie St Paul

Henry J. Warre, pen and ink sketch, “Mr. Belcour’s [sic] Church” at Baie St-Paul, dated 17 June 1845. [SourceD. E. Schoenherr ed., To the Oregon Territory 1845-1846 with Lieut. Henry J. Warre; LAC]

In 1832, Georges Antoine Belcourt established the mission of St. Paul des Saulteaux on the south side of the Assiniboine River, west of Red River’s settled riverlots. He was intent on forming an agricultural training settlement, but decided that he would be vulnerable to continuous attack from A’aninin/ ‘White Clay People’ First Nations (a.k.a Gros Ventres/ ‘Big Belly’/ Piik-siik-sii-naa/ ‘Snakes’) who were reputedly hostile to his target congregants.

By 1834, Belcourt had moved the site of his farming mission to Wabassong on the north bank of the Assiniboine and further to the east where he was more likely to attract Aboriginal families interested in his ideas about settlement (some of whom appear to have been A’aninin, most of whom were Métis, though Belcourt probably identified many as Saulteaux on the basis of what language he judged them to be speaking). Also in that year, the Nolin sisters, Angelique and Marguerite (Métis),  began teaching at the mission.

The new site was a traditional meeting place for First Nations (at the time principally Saulteaux), as well as for Métis. From this place a trail — probably ancient — subsequently known as the “Mission Trail,” led to Manitobah (a settlement that dated back at least to 1818 and was used by some inhabitants on a seasonal basis; a.k.a. Fond du Lac/ St. Laurent and Oak Point) on the southeast shore of Lake Manitoba.

The Baie St Paul settlement’s namesake was Baie St. Paul along the St. Lawrence in Lower Canada. At Red River, the parish was also known as St. Paul’s and is easily confused with the English parish that was variously presented as St. Paul, St. Pauls, and St. Paul’s. (Often the only way to determine which of the two parishes is meant in the debates of councils in 1869-1870 is to note the name of its representative.)

In 1870, the settlement of Manitobah did not have separate representation in the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia. I have found no clear indication of how the inhabitants were represented (or whether Duck Bay, Pine Creek/ Camperville and White Mud were considered part of Manitobah, or of Poplar Point, or St. Margaret’s/ High Bluff). Because the settlements of Baie St. Paul and Manitobah were connected by relatively close family ties as well as by a trail that implied the people at Manitobah were considered to be outlying ‘parisioners’ of Baie St. Paul (though they had a mission station of their own by 1858), I have opted to include the inhabitants of Manitobah under a separate sub-heading in the list below.

For the purposes of the election of members to the Legislative Assembly of the Provisional Government of Assiniboia, the White Horse Plain portion of the riding apparently included anyone living to the north of the riverlots (and of any 2 mile hay privilege attached to those lots) along the north bank of the Assiniboine River between Sturgeon Creek and Long Lake – a stretch that included the lots of Headingly, St. François-Xavier, and Baie St. Paul.

Prairie du Cheval Blanc was also known as Prairie of the White Horse/White Horse Plains. [See A.-A. Taché, remarks, in Report  on the Exploration of the Country Between Lake Superior and the Red River Settlement and between the latter place and the Assiniboine and Saskatchewan, by S.J. Dawson (Toronto: John Lovell, 1859), 43] The parish had previously (to about 1859) been co-extensive with St. François-Xavier – which shared the same chapel. The original inhabitants of Prairie du Cheval Blanc had been “several hundreds of hunters who pass the year on the prairies, but at certain times visit the colony.” A “great number” of these people (likely women) spoke Cree and Saulteaux exclusively (though it is safe to assume Michif was fairly common as some of the men also spoke French and English). By 1870, with the decline in the number of buffalo and the rise in the number of people in the community, some individuals settled with permanent homes, although others remained seasonal inhabitants only.

It is not clear, from the preliminary sources used to compile this list, who lived on White Horse Plain — it was not enumerated as a separate district in the Archibald census of 1870. The boundary of the riverlot parishes and the White Horse plain was perhaps sometimes determined by a road (Portage Trail/ Carlton Trail) that ran parallel to the river, but in a straighter path, so that where there were deep bends in the river the road might have cut across properties. Consequently, some homes might have been located to the road’s wooded south and others to its north, out on the plain. Or, possibly the location the Hudson’s Bay Company Lane’s Fort (a.k.a. Lone’s Fort), and a home’s proximity to it had something to do with determining where riverlot parishes ended and White Horse Plains began.

At any rate, in 1870, St. François-Xavier east and White Horse Plain appear to have overlapped at Hon. Pierre Poitras’ residence and those of Pascal Breland and his son Patrice Breland [See “The People, St. Francois-Xavier part 2,” this site]. As with Poitras and the Brelands, the remaining people who voted in 1870 as constituents of White Horse Plain are probably currently listed as living across the electoral boundary in the neighbouring parishes of Headingly and  St. Francois-Xavier as well as at Baie St. Paul, though they will be shifted to this list if additional research suggests that would be appropriate.

Most inhabitants of this electoral riding professed to be Catholic. People who professed to be Protestant are marked ‘P’ below.

_______________________________________________________

River Lot #.                 Heads of Families, listed with Wives,

and listed with Children in household (by ages) 

[and ID# from D.N. Sprague and R.P. Frye, The genealogy of the first Metis nation : the development and dispersal of the Red River Settlement, 1820-1900 (Winnipeg: Peguis, 1983).]

[numbered links are to the Archibald census of 1870]

_______________________________________________________

Baie St Paul

_______________________________________________________

158-182 [Long Lake?]

[318] William Hinde (Englander, born 1831 to Thomas Hinde and an unidentified woman)

[#2173]

Possibly a rancher, who moved west.

158-182

[319-320] Isaac Daoust/ D’aoust/ Daout (Métis, born 1845 to Peter D’aoust and an unidentified woman) married Mary Logan (Métis, born 1850 to Edward Logan and an unidentified woman)

[#882]

[158-182? a farm]

[322-323] Joseph Harwood Kirton/ Kerton (Englander, born 1810/ 1815 to William Kirton and an unidentified woman) married Catherine Cook (Métis, born 1815/ 1816 to William Cook and Mary; previously married to Lyons)

According to her scrip affidavit (1876), Catherine resided with her husband in St. James Parish on 15 July 1870.

See genealogy. Joseph Harwood Kirton was a farmer, who had been brought in to work the HBC experimental farm under Captain George Marcus Carey.

158-182

[324-325] William Swain (Métis, born 1832/ 1834 to James Swain and Josephte Descoteaux at St. Charles Parish; residing in “own house” at Baie St. Paul on 15 July 1870; occupation “voyageur” in 1879) married Angelique Briere/ Bruyer/ Bruyere (Métis, born 1831/ 1835 to #587 Jean-Baptiste Briere/ Bruyere and Angelique Guilbeault)

– [326-330] LaRose 11, William Jr. 9, Isabelle 7, Julia 5, Veronique 3.

[#4563]

A brief scrip record for Angelique lists additional children. William Swain Jr., like his father, worked as a voyageur in 1879.

158-182

[331]-[332] Louis Bruyere/ Bruyer/ Briere (Métis, born 1845 to #587 Baptiste Bruyere/ Bruyer/ Briere and an unidentified woman) married Josephte Berard (born 1854 to Pierre Berard and Louise Moreau of St. Norbert Parish) [or Suzette/ Susat (Métis, born 1850 to Peter Briere and an unidentified woman?])

– [333-334] Pierre/ Peter 4, Marie/ Mary 2.

[#523]

Apparently, Louis Bruyere’s first scrip affidavit was “burnt in C.P.R. Mail Car.” According to the declaration of 1885, given at Willow Bunch by Josephte (which lists additional children), she lived with her parents at St. Norbert to 1865. She then travelled with her husband on the buffalo hunt, living for the most part on the plains (often at Moose Jaw, Cypress Hills, and Wood Mountain). She and her husband did not own land at the settlement, so when at Red River, they lived at Baie St. Paul “in a small log house built upon the house of my father in law.” She also said that she was living at Whitehorse Plains in 1870.

158-182

[335-336] Jean Baptiste Bruyere/ Bruyer/ Briere (Métis, born 1800/ 1811 to #586 Baptiste Briere and his 2d wife, Francoise Serpent) married Angelique Guilbeault (Métis, born 1815/ 1820 to #2055 Joseph Guilbeault and Maria/ Maria Ann, an Assiniboine woman)

– [337-343] Lucie/ Lucy 19, Jeremiah/ Jérémie 17, Cleophas 14, Caroline 12, M. 8, Ambroise/ Ambrose 6, B.?C. 3.

[#587]

The scrip affidavit for Jean Baptiste Bruyere [misfiled online] lists him as a plains hunter residing at Baie St. Paul on 15 July 1870, and in St. Francois Xavier in 1878. Daughter Lucie married Michel Richard, farmer at Baie St. Paul, and according to her scrip affidavit was living with him on 15 July 1870. According to son Jérémie’s affidavit, he was born at St. Francois Xavier. As of 1875 he resided at Baie St. Paul, occupation labourer, and was married to Eliza Allary (daughter of Francois Allary and Chatlotte Malaterre; all of whom were residing “in a house” at Baie St, Paul on 15 July 1870).

158-182

[344-345] Baptiste Bruyere/ Briere (Métis, born 1844/ 1847 to Baptiste Briere and an Angelique Guibeault) married Marie/ Marguerite Alarie/ Alary/ Allary (Métis, born 1850 to Michel Alarie/ Alary/ Allary and Marie Paquin)

– [346] Baptiste 1.

[#522]

This was a family involved in the buffalo hunt. They travelled among such locations as Q’Appelle, Lebret, Moose Jaw, Regina, Wood Mountain, and Cypress Hills [SK], St. Michel [North Dakota], and Montana; sometimes staying at St. Francois Xavier Parish on a return to Red River.

[158-182? a farm]

[347-348] Isidore Boyer (Métis, born 1829/ 1830 to Pierre/ Peter Boyer and Marguerite Bonneau) married Caroline/ Marguerite Alarie/ Alary/ Allary/ Henri (Métis, born 1832 to Michel Alarie/ Alary/ Allary/ Henri and Marie Ledoux)

– [349-356] Marguerite 18, Azarias 16, Jean Baptiste 14, Napoleon 12, L. 9, Mary 7, Gregoire 5, L. 3.

In 1875, Isidore Boyer attested he was a farmer at Baie St. Paul. That same year, his sons Azarias and Jean Baptiste Boyer attested they were born at St Francois Xavier and Baie St. Paul, respectively, and that their parents were residents in the parish in 1870. As of 1875, both sons still resided at Baie St. Paul and worked as labourers.

158-182

[?] Daoust/ D’Aoust (born 1795) married [357] Mary (First Nations, born 1800)

[#880]

_______________________________________________________

182, a farm

[358-359] Antoine Awahais/ Richard/ Ressard (Métis, born 1815/ 1818 to #4170 Michel Richard/ Ressard and Isabelle Colin at St.Francois Xavier) married Susate/ Josephte Lapointe (Métis, born 1830 to #2628 Augustin Lapointe and Charlotte at St. Boniface)

– [360-364] Michel 22, Antoine Jr. 20, Eliza 18, P. 15, Boniface 13, [365-367] Lazarus 11, Isidore 10, Pauline 5.

[#4160]

The scrip affidavits of Antoine Richard and Josephte Lapointe-Richard (1875) both indicate this was a farming family. The affidavit of Michel (1875) lists his place of birth as St. Francis Xavier Parish; his residence, with his wife, as Baie St. Paul; and his occupation as farmer. The scrip affidavit of Antoine Jr. (1875) lists his place of birth as St Francis Xavier Parish, his residence as Baie St. Paul, and his occupation as farmer. The scrip affidavit of Boniface (1875) lists his place of birth as St Francis Xavier Parish, his residence as Baie St. Paul, and his occupation as labourer.

_______________________________________________________

182-194

[368-369] Joseph Trottier Sr. (Métis/ First Nations, born 1825/ 1827 to André Trottier and Marguerite St. Denis) married Therese Vallee/ Vallie/ Lavallee (Métis/ First Nations, born 1830/ 1835 to Antoine Lavallee and Susanne Dufève)

– [370-376] André/ Andrew 16, Joseph 13, Marguerite 11, Albert 9, Cuthbert 7, Charles 5, Marie 2.

[#4972]

In his declarations of 1886, Joseph Trottier Sr. was described as the head of a family at Duck Lake, where he had lived for 14 years. Along with his wife and their son Charles, Joseph Trottier Sr. had been a member of the Beardy Band, but had withdrawn from treaty (his sons Cuthbert and Albert likewise withdrew from treaty). Joseph Trottier Sr. indicated he had lived at St. Francois Xavier when he “was young,” had married at St. Boniface in 1852, and had been “near” Fort Carlton in 1870. In 1871 his son André died “suddenly” while “on a trip to Lake of the Woods [ON].” This was “before treaty.”

The declaration of Therese Valee indicates that up until 1872, this had been a buffalo-hunt family.

In 1887, Joseph Trottier Jr. declared that he had been born at St Francois Xavier Parish; had taken treaty (with the Beardy Band), but was seeking to be discharged; and was currently a labourer at Green Lake. In 1879, he had married Julie ‘La Grosse Tête’ St. Denis. She was the daughter of Francois and Therese St. Denis of Baie St. Paul and had resided “in a house of my own” in that parish in 1870.

_______________________________________________________

194, a farm

[377-378] Alexis McKay (Métis, born 1814/ 1815/ 1817 to #3377 Alexis McKay and Marguerite, a Saulteux woman) married Marie/ Mary Flames/ Flammand (Métis, born 1816/ 1817 to Joseph Flammand and Marguerite Moreau)

[#3378]

In his affidavit of 1875, Alexis Mckay described himself as a farmer. He received scrip in 1876.

In her affidavit of 1875, Mary described her husband as a labourer and her father as ‘an Indian.’ She received scrip in 1876.

[194? a farm]

[379-380] Jean Baptiste Alarie/ Allary (Métis, born 1840/ 1842 to Louison Alaris/Alarie/ Allary and Marie Desjarlais) married Madeleine McKay (Métis, born 1846 to Alexis McKay and Marie Flammand)

– [381-383] Baptiste 7, Mary Jane 4, Madeleine 2.

In his affidavit of 1876, Jean Baptiste Allary described himself as a farmer. He received scrip in 1877.

[194?]

[384-385] James Louis/ Lewis/ Lewes (Métis, born 1840 at Fort de Prairie) married Julie McKay (Métis, born 1848 at Baie St. Paul to Alexis McKay and an unidentified woman)

_______________________________________________________

194-207, a farm

[386-387] Louis Fleury (Métis, born 1813/ 1818/ 1820 to #1612 Louison Fleury, a French Canadian, and Josephte, a Grosventre/ Crow woman) married Marguerite Trottier (Métis, born 1825/ 1826 to #4711 Andre Trottier and Marguerite Paquet/ Pacquet)

– [388-393] Jean Baptiste 19, Clemence 17, Bazile 15, William 13, Louis 10, John 7.

[#1616]

In their affidavits of 1875, Louis Fleury and Margurite Trottier described Louis as a farmer. Their son Jean Baptiste likewise described himself as a farmer, living in St. Francois Xavier Parish, and married as of 15 July 1870. Their daughter, Clemence, also described herself as married in 1870 (to Alexis Ledoux, a farmer) and as living at St. Francois Xavier.

194-207, a farm

[394-395] Baptiste Lepinée/ Lapinis/ Lepine Jr. (Métis, born 1840 at St. Boniface to Baptiste Lapinee/ Lapinis and Suzanne Gariepy) married Julia/ Julie Fleury (Métis, born 1845 to Louis Fleury and Marguerite Trottier)

– [396-397] Mary 3, William 1.

[#2588]

In their affidavits of 1875, Baptiste Lepinée and Julie Fleury described Baptiste as a farmer.

194-207, a farm [St Paul in the Bay; or St. Francois Xavier?]

[398-399] Charles Houle (Métis, born 1843/ 1847 to #2220 Antoine Houle and Marie Larocque) married Julie/ Julian/ Julienne Fleury (Métis, born 1847/ 1848 to Louis Fleury and Marguerite Trottier)

– [400-401] Baptiste 2, Mary 1.

In their affidavits of 1875, Charles Houle and Julie Fleury named St. Francois Xavier as their parish of residence in 1870 and described Charles as a farmer.

[#2223]

194-207, a farm

[402-403] Louis Desjarlais Sr. (Métis, born 1832/ 1835 to #1276 Francois Desjarlais and Marie Otshihkan) married Julia/ Julie Chartrand (Métis, born 1831/ 1834 to #758 Paulette Chartrand and Josephte Cadotte)

– [404-410] Louis Jr. 15, Julie/ Julia 15, Mary 13, Antoine 9, Isabella 7, Frisine 5, LaRose 3.

[#1279]

In their affidavits of 1875, Louis Desjarlais Sr. and Julie Chartrand described Louis as a farmer. In his affidavit of 1875, Louis Desjarlais Jr. also described his father as a farmer.

[194-207? a farm]

[411-412] Narcisse Pepin (Canadian, born 1814/ 1817 to Baptiste Pepin and Marie Lanoville) married Marie Boleau/ Baulieu/ Belieu (Métis, born 1818/ 1820 to Francois Baulieu/ Boleau/ Belieu, a French Canadian, and Louise, a Métis woman)

– [413-417] Benoit 13, Ambroise 11, Adelaide 8, Julian/ Julienne 6, Alexis 2.

In 1875, in his affidavit for himself, and in that made on behalf of his children, Narcisse Pepin described himself as a farmer, as did his wife Marie in her affidavit.

194-207, a farm

[418-419] Alexis Goneville/ Gonneville Jr. (Métis, born 1836/ 1838 to Alexis Goneville/ Gonneville Sr. and Josephte Trottier) married Mary/ Marie Pepin (Métis, born 1844/ 1846 to #3897 Narcisse Pepin and Mary Baulieu/ Boleau/ Belieu)

– [420-421] Jean Baptiste 5, LaRose 2.

[#425]

– [422] Francois Pepin 14 (Métis, son of Narcisse Pepin and Marie Baulieu/ Boleau/ Belieu; described himself as a labourer as of 1877)

In their affidavits of 1875, Alexis Goneville Jr. and Marie Pepin described Alexis as a farmer.

194-207, a farm

[423-424] Alexis Goneville/ Gonneville Sr. (Métis, born 1816/ 1817 to Antoine Goneville/ Gonneville and Marguerite Labine) married Josephte/ Suzette/ Susate Trottier (Métis, born 1824 to Andrew Trottier and an unidentified woman)

– [425-430] Antoine 35, Elizabeth 33, Suzette 32, Eliza 23, Marguerite 21, Lucy 18, [431-435] Adelaide 13, Mary 10, Caroline 7, Norbert 2, Christian 1.

[#426]

In his affidavit of 1875, Alexis Goneville Sr. described himself as a farmer.

194-207

[436-437] Baptiste Bushen (Métis, born 1818) married Mary Gonneville (Métis, born 1830 to #425 Alexis Goneville/ Gonneville and Mary/ Marie Pepin)

– [438-444] Baptiste 12, Eliza 11, Hermione 10, Rosalie 6, Andrew 5, Mary Ann 3, Marguerite 1.

[#604]

[194-207?]

James Jacques Short (born 1809; died 1870) married Marie Charlotte Gladu (born 1805; died 1847) and [445] Angelique Moran (born 1830, a Saulteux woman)

– [446-451] William 19, Marguerite 17, Mary 16, Eliza 13, Roderick 10, Donald 8.

[#4367]

See genealogy. In his affidavit of 1875, William Short described himself as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

207, a farm

[452-453] Alexis Laliberte (Métis, born 1822 to #2555 A. Laliberte and an unidentified Métis woman) married Mary/ Marie Robillard (Métis, born 1826 to Baptiste Robillard, a French Canadian, and Antoinette Lagemoniere, a Métis woman)

– [454-460] Baptiste 20, Etienne 17, Therese 16, Lazare/ Lazarus 11, I.? 9, Modeste 5, Angelique 2.

[#2553]

In their affidavits of 1875, Alexis Laliberte and Marie Robillard described Alexis as a farmer. Their son, Baptiste, also described himself as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

207-215, a farm

[461-462] Francois Perreault/ Parreault/ Pareau ‘dit Morin’ (Métis, born 1813/ 1814 to #3902 Francois Perreault, French Canadian, and Marie Grant, a Métis woman) married Marguerite Allard (Métis, born 1814/ 1816 to #58 Ambroise Allard and Lisette, a Cree woman)

– [463] Marguerite 20.

[#3904]

In their affidavits of 1875 Francois Perreault and Marguerite Grant described Francois as a farmer.

207-215, a farm

[464-465] Xavier Perreault/ Parreault/ Pareau ‘dit Morin’ (Métis, born 1835/ 1836 to #3904 Francois Perreault and Marguerite Allard) married Elizabeth Bonneau (Métis, born 1832/ 1834 to Peter Bonneau and an unidentified woman)

– [466-471] LaCadie 14, Mary 12, Camille 9, Louisa 8, Jean Baptiste 6, Philomene 1.

[#3903]

In his affidavit of 1875, Xavier Perreault described himself as a farmer.

207-215, a farm [also recorded at lot 146-147 St. Francois Xavier in 1870 census; see duplicate entry]

George Fidler/ Fiddler (Metis, born 1800 to Peter Fidler/ Fiddler and Mary Mackagonne; died 1846) married  [472] [776] Nancy Black (Métis, born 1800/ 1810 to #344 John Black and Marguerite)

[#341]

In her affidavit of 1875, widow Nancy Black described her late husband as a farmer, and herself as having been the head of a household with children at St. Francois Xavier on 15 July 1870.

207-215 [NB: doubly recorded at lot 146-147 St. Francois Xavier; see duplicate entry]

Antoine/ Ambroise Fidler/ Fiddler (Métis, born 1832/ 1840 to George Fidler/ Fiddler and #341 Nancy Black; died 1869) married (1859) [473] [777]  Mindemoien/ Julie Caroline McGillis (Métis, born 1839/ 1843 to #3356 Alexander McGillis and Marguerite Bottineau/ Bateneau; died c. 1872)

– [474-477] [778-781] Isabelle Elizabeth 8/ 10, Alexandre 5/ 6, Joseph 4, Domitilde 2.

[#1488] and [#13273]?

See also genealogy; and genealogy.

207-215

[478-479] Michel Trottier (Métis, born 1825 to Andrew Trottier and an unidentified woman) married Angelique Desjarlais (Métis, born 1838 to Baptiste Desjarlais and an unidentified woman)

– [480-484] Marie 12, Andrew 9, Alexandre 7, Catherine 5, Francois 2.

[#4973]

207-215

[485-486] Peter/ Pierre Bonneau/ Bonhomme (Métis, born 1803 to Jean Baptiste Bonhomme and Lisette) married Louisa/ LaLouise Gariepy (Métis, born 1815 to #1898 Louis Gariepy and Josephte Ducharme)

– [487-491] Bazile 23, Elmire 18, Peter 16, Genevieve 16, Julien 13.

[#414]

In his deposition of 1885, Pierre Bonneau described himself as a plains hunter. He stated that “I left St. Francois Xavier in the year 1874 and I have been living ever since in the North West Territories for the last six years I have lived permanently in the Q’Appelle Valley. On the 15th July 1870 and a long time before and after that date I was living near [?] Hills N.W.T. I have always been a plains hunter,” and named children, five of whom had died.

[207-215?]

[492-493] Jean Baptiste Bonneau/ Bonhomme (Métis, born 1837 to Peter/ Pierre Bonneau/ Bonhomme and an unidentified woman) married La Rose Desjarlais (Métis, born 1847)

– [494-495] Baptiste 7, Peter/ Pierre 5.

207-215

[496] Francois St. Denis/ Senez/ Sienez (Métis, born 1828 to Francois St. Denis/ Senez and Marguerite Allard) married [497] Therese Martin (Métis, born 1832 to Francois Martin and Marguerite Racette)

– [498-505] Julia 21, Rosalie 18, Francois 16, Mary 12, Zacharia 9, Alex 7, Cuthbert 5, Therese 3.

[#4752]

In her deposition of 1901 on behalf of her children, widow Therese Martin described her family as travelling (as hunter/ traders) among such locations as Winnipeg, St. Francois Xavier, and Fort Qu’Appelle,

_______________________________________________________

215, a farm

[506-507] Baptiste Desjarlais (Métis, born 1800/ 1811 to #1077 Francois Desjarlais and Madeleine Roy) married Marie Martin (Métis, born 1821/ 1830 to #3060 Francois Martin and Madeleine Racette)

– [508-512] Xavier 25, Thomas 20, Mathew 16, Francois 15, Frisine 14.

[#1275] [but see also #1160]

In their affidavits of 1875, Baptiste Desjarlais and Marie Martin described Baptiste as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

215-224, a farm

[513-514] Joseph Desjarlais (Métis, born 1836/ 1845 to #1275 Baptiste Desjarlais and Mary Martin?) married Elizabeth/ Isabelle Lafreniere (Métis, born 1836/ 1837 to #2533 Antoine Lafreniere and Marguerite Gonneville, or Marie Welsh, or Ursule Morin, or Marie Bauvier)

– [515-516] Mary 3, Baptiste 1.

[#1285]

In their affidavits of 1875, Joseph Desjarlais and Isabelle Lafreniere described Joseph as a farmer.

215-224

[517-518] Alphonse Pelletier (Métis, born 1834 to Charles Pelletier and Susanne Bercier) married Madeleine Desjarlais (Métis, born 1844 to Baptiste Desjarlais and Marie Martin)

– [519-522] Leonie 5, Marie 4, Francois 2, Gregoire 1.

[#3892]

This was a hunting family. In her deposition of 1886, Madeleine Desjarlais stated that before her marriage in 1860 she had always resided at Red River in St. Francois Xavier Parish. Afterwards she travelled with her husband, living in the North-West, being temporarily at Red River with her children in 1870.

_______________________________________________________

219, a farm

[569-570] Lawrence/ Laurent Francois Martin (Métis, born 1821 to #3060 Francois Martin and Madeleine Racette; died 1871) married Angel/ Angelique Chalifoux (Métis, born 1830/ 1834 to #736 Michel Chalifoux and Francoise Piche)

– [571-576] Therese 19, Julia 13, Charles 11, Caroline 8, Modeste 4, Thomas 2.

[#3069]

In her affidavit of 1875, Angelique Chalifoux named St. Francois Xavier as her place of residence and described her husband as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

219-227, a farm

[548-549] Antoine Desjarlais Sr. (Métis, born 1810/ 1818 to #1077 Francois Desjarlais and Madeleine Roy) married Louisa/ Louise Ressard/ Richard (Métis, born 1813 to Francois Ressard/ Richard and Marguerite, a Saulteaux woman; died 1873)

– [550-557] Gregoire 25, Francois 22, Bernard 20, Baptise 18, Rosalie/ LaRose 16, Madeleine 14, Charles 9, Susate/ Suzette 7.

[#1268]

In his affidavit of 1875 (with a list of children), and deposition of 1875 on behalf of his son Charles, Antoine Desjarlais described himself as a farmer. In his affidavit of 1875, Gregoire Desjarlais likewise described himself as a farmer.

219-227

[563-564] Charles Dumontier/ Dumonier (Métis, born 1820) married Mary Desjarlais (Métis, born 1812/ 1814 to Antoine Desjarlais and an unidentified woman)

– [565-567] Hermas 19, Ellen 16, Patrick 13.

[#1212]

– [568] Sarah Wells 3 (Métis, daughter of Edward Wells and an unidentified woman)

_______________________________________________________

219-244, a farm

[577-578] Paul St. Denis/ Seinez (Métis, born 1838/ 1829 to Paul St. Denis/ Seinez and Catherine Gariepy) married Cécile Thorne (Métis, born 1829 to George Thorne and Marie Lamire)

– [579-587] Paul Alexandre ‘Alex’ 17, Maria 15, Leon 12, Eliza 10, Catherine 6, Philomene 5, John 3, Baptiste 2, Rosalie 1.

[#4748]

In his affidavit and his deposition on behalf of his son (both in 1875), Paul St. Denis described himself as a farmer at St. Francois Xavier (as did Cecile Thorne in her affidavit).

219-244

[588-589] Andrew Monate (Métis, born 1805 to Michel Monate and an unidentified woman) married Marguerite (First Nations, born 1809)

– [590] Jeremiah 19.

– [591] Mary Flemin 11 (Métis, daughter of Louis Flemin and an unidentified woman.

[#2757]

219-244, a farm

Peter/ Pierre Ledoux (Métis, born 1800/ 1805 to Pierre Ledoux, French Canadian, and Madeleine, a Saulteaux woman; separated?) married [592] Mary/ Marie Monate (Métis, born 1830 to #2757 Andrew Monate and Marguerite)

– [593] Jeremiah 4.

[#2874]

In his affidavit of 1875, Pierre Ledoux described himself as a farmer. (After 1876 he remarried? to Marie Louise Ledoux, the widow of Joseph Arcand?).

219-244

[594-595] Joseph Arcand (Métis, born 1830/ 1834 to to #105 Joseph Arcand and Marie Vestreau/ Vestro dit Gesson dit Jannot/ Jeannot) married Josephte McKay (Métis, born 1847/ 1848 to Angus McKay [or #3393 Ignace McKay and Josephte Bercier?])

– [596-599] Mary 9, Florestine 5, Gregoire 3, Lucia 1.

[#104]

219-244

[600-601] Baptiste St. Cyr/ Saucier (Métis, born 1843/ 1844 to Baptiste St. Cyr/ Saucier and Julie Mercredi) married Justine McKay (Métis, born 1847 to #3372 Angus McKay and Suzette Bercier)

– [602-603] Jean Baptiste 4, Alex 2.

[#4314]

In his affidavit of 1877, Baptiste St. Cyr described himself as a labourer at St. Francois Xavier Parish.

Another, apparently older, Baptiste St. Cyr and wife Justine Mckay (whose father was Ignace McKay) were recorded by the census at St. Francois Xavier Parish [see #4848], with children of the same names as above, but also older.

219-244

[604-605] Angus [Ignace?] McKay (Métis, born 1813 to Alexis McKay and an unidentified woman) married Susate/ Suzette Bercier (Métis, born 1816 to Alexis Bercier and an unidentified woman)

– [606-608] Charles 24, Guillaume 16, Ellen 14.

[#3372]

219-244

[609-610] Xavier McKay (Métis, born 1840 to Angus [Ignace?] McKay and an unidentified woman) married Elizabeth (First Nations, born 1840)

– [611] Abraham 5.

[#3656]

219-244

[612-613] Alexandre Arcand (Métis, born 1842/ 1843 to to #105 Joseph Arcand and Marie Vestreau/ Vestro dit Gesson dit Jannot/ Jeannot) married Marguerite McKay (Métis, born 1844/ 1849 to Angus [Ignace?] McKay and an unidentified woman) and Francoise (born 1844)

[#101]

_______________________________________________________

[222?]

Charles Pelletier (deceased?) married an unidentified woman

– [530-537] Justian? 24, Norbert 20, Charles 18, Mary 16, Susanne 15, Adeline 13, George 10, William 7.

[#3887]?

_______________________________________________________

222-224

[529] Louis Morrison/ Morriseau (Métis, born 1850 to Joseph Morrison/ Morriseau and an unidentified woman [Josephte Lacert?])

[#1725]?

_______________________________________________________

224, a farm

[523-524] Joseph Morriseau/ Morrison (Métis, born 1835/ 1841 to Joseph Morrison and an Josephte Lacerte) married Mary Desjarlais (Métis, born 1840 to Francois Desjarlais and an unidentified woman)

– [525-528] Patrick 8, Mary Therese 5, Suzette/ Susate 3, Joseph 1.

[#1723]

In his affidavit of 1875, Joseph Morriseau described himself as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

227, a farm

[538-539] Baptiste Desjarlais (Métis, born 1830 to #1276 Francois Desjarlais and Marie Otshihkan) married Susate/ Josephte Fleury (Métis, born 1839/ 1840 to #1612 Louison Fleury and Josephte [‘Grosventre’])

– [540-547] Francois 13, Elizabeth 13, Amable 11, Elisa 9, Susate/ Suzette 7, Mary 5, Jean Baptiste 3, Antoine 1.

[#1282]

In her affidavit of 1875, Josephte Fleury described her husband as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

244, a farm

[614-615] Pierre/ Peter McKay (Métis, born 1840/ 1841 to Angus McKay [or  #3393 Ignace McKay and Josephte Bercier?]) married LaRose Ledoux (Métis, born 1843/ 1851 to Joseph Ledoux and an unidentified woman)

– [616-617] Peter 5, Francis 3.

[#3392]

Described as a farmer of St. Francois Xavier Parish.

_______________________________________________________

244-245

Baptiste Desjarlais (Métis, born 1811 to #1077) married Mary Martin (Métis, born 1821 to #3060 Francois Martin and Madeleine Racette)

[#1160] [but see also #1275]

[244-245?]

[618-619] D. Desjarlais (Métis, born 1849 to Antoine Desjarlais and an unidentified woman) married? A. McKay (Métis, born 1852 to Angus [Ignace?] McKay and an unidentified woman)

244-245, a farm

[620-621] Michel McKay (Métis, born 1839/ 1841 to Angus [Ignace?] McKay and an unidentified woman) married Charlotte Lépine (Métis, born 1844/ 1850 to #2922 Joseph Lépine and Betsy Short)

– [622-625] LaRose 9, Jean Baptiste 7, Charles 5, Betsy 2.

[#3391]

In her affidavit of 1875, Charlotte Lepine described her husband as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

245, a farm

[626-627] Jean Baptiste Arcand (Métis, born 1840/ 1844 to #105 Joseph Arcand and Marie Vestreau/ Vestro dit Gesson dit Jannot/ Jeannot) married Annie ‘Nancy’ McKay (Métis, born 1843 to #3393 Ignace McKay and Josephte Bercier)

– [628] Napoleon Arcand 7, [629-630] Susate/ Suzette McKay 4, Gaspard McKay 2.

[#103]

In her scrip affidavit of 1875, Annie McKay described her husband as a farmer of St. Francois Xavier Parish.

[245?]

[631] Genevieve Arcand (Métis, born 1829/ 1832 at St. Francois Xavier to #105 Joseph Arcand and Marie Vestreau/ Vestro dit Gesson dit Jannot/ Jeannot)

In her deposition of 1885, Genevieve Arcand described herself as unmarried and stated “I have lived for 20 years in the North-West Territories as a hired domestic to Jean Bte Laframboise and others living within 20 miles of Duck Lake.”

[245?] [“St. Paul”, a farm]

[745-746] Moise St. Denis (Métis, born 1829/ 1841 to Francois St. Denis and Sophia Lyons) married Marguerite Klyne (Métis, born 1842/ 1849 to Joseph Klyne and Louise Braconnier)

– [747-750] Elzear 7, Ambroise 4, Lizette 3, Roger 1.

In their affidavits of 1875, Moise St. Denis and Marguerite Klyne described Moise as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

white horse plain

William Armstrong, watercolour, “Buffalo Meat Drying, White Horse Plains, Red River,” dated 1899. Credit: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1989-492-2. Copyright: Expired.

White Horse Plain

_______________________________________________________

143 [Long Lake, a farm]

[296-297] William Morissette (Métis, born 1845 to #3206 Francois ‘Franco’ Morissette and Philomene Favel) married Catherine Cochrane (First Nations, born 1833 to #913 Thomas Cochrane and Catherine Thomas)

[#3209]

In her affidavit of 1875, Catherine Cochrane described her husband as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

143-158 [Long Lake, a farm]

[298]-[299] Peter/ Pierre Faille/ Foye/ Fayant (Métis, born 1842/ 1843 to Toussaint Faille/ Fayant, French Canadian, and Angelique, a  Métis woman) married Elizabeth ‘Betsy’ Papin/ Pepin (Métis, born 1845/ 1846 to #3772 Antoine Pepin and Marguerite Davis)

– [300-301] Eliza 6, Rosalie 4.

[#1525]

In their affidavits of 1875, Pierre Faille and Elizabeth Papin (both of whom were born at St. Boniface) described Pierre as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

144 [Long Lake] [applied for patent to lot 67 Baie St. Paul?]

[289-290] Francois Morissette (Métis, born 1814 to #3308) married Philomene Favel (Métis, born 1822 to #1512 John Favel [P] and Margaret Swain [P])

– [291-295] Suzette 23, John 18, Caroline 15, Roderick 14, Isabella 8.

[#3206]

_______________________________________________________

146 [Long Lake] [applied for patent to lot 67 Baie St. Paul?]

[284-285] Francois Morissette (Métis, born 1840 to #3206 Francois Morissette and Philomene Favel) married Louisa Lebrun (Métis, born 1849 to #2856 Joseph Lebrun and Marie Louise in Oregon, U.S.)

– [286-288] Francois 8, Abraham 4, Mary 2.

[#3210]

_______________________________________________________

183 [St. Francois-Xavier, a farm] [applied for patents to lots 50, 51, 52, St. Francois Xavier]

[1040-1041] Pascal Breland (Métis, born 1810/ 1811 to #505 Pierre Boshue/ du Boishue dit Berland/ Breland [Lower Canadian] and Louise/ Lisette/ ‘Shining Star’ Umphreville a.k.a. Josephte Belly) married Maria Grant (Métis, born 1820 to #2030 Cuthbert Grant and Marie Desmarais)

– [1042-1044] Eliza 18, Josue 16, Gregoire 12, [1046] Justine 10.

[#508]

– [1045] Elise Vivier 1 (Métis, daughter of Michel Vivier)

In his deposition of 1875 on behalf of his deceased daughter, Placidie (who died in 1870, age 18), Pascal Breland described himself as a farmer.

Louise Umphreveille was the daughter Edward Umphreville and a Cree woman (apparently of the family name Belly/ Belley). Louise afterwards married John Rowand Sr., who adopted her three children by Pierre Boishue dit Breland). By adoption and marriage, Pascal Breland became the brother-in-law of Henry McDermott, who in turn was the brother of Mary Sarah ‘Sally’ McDermott – wife of HBC Gov. William Mactavish at Upper Fort Garry.

_______________________________________________________

204 [St Francois-Xavier, a farm]

[1316-1317] Patrice Breland (Métis, born 1836/ 1837 to #508 Pascal Breland and Marie Grant) married Helene Dease (Métis, born 1841 to #1056 John Dease and Angelique McMillan)

– [1318-1321] Marie Rose 10, Ernestine 7, Patrice Tobie 5, Emelie 3, Virginie 1.

[#511]

In his affidavit of 1875, Patrice Breland described himself as a farmer and trader. His wife, Helene Dease (born at St. Boniface), described Patrice as a farmer.

Patrice Breland’s father was, by adoption and marriage, brother-in-law to Henry McDermott — the brother of Mary Sarah ‘Sally’ McDermott who was the wife of HBC Gov. William Mactavish at Upper Fort Garry. Patrice was in turn related by marriage to William Dease (the uncle of Patrice’s wife, Helen Dease), who was opposed to the installation of a provisional government at Red River.

Patrice Breland was a member of the Convention of Twenty-four in November of 1869, and by 26 February 1870 his allegiance was clearly to the Provisional Government. As early as 7 April 1870, as a captain in the Settlement Guard, he was appointed “Envoy to the Plains,” tasked with telling the winterers (including those in his father’s camp of Qu’Appelle buffalo hunters), that there was peace in the settlement and HBC trade business would be open as usual.

Patrice Breland was also appointed by the Provisional Government to the position of magistrate for the White Horse Plains court district (which extended “from where the Long Lake touches the public road to the Sturgeon Creek; on both sides of the [Assiniboine] river.” [See Laws of the Provisional Government of Assiniboia, this site.]

_______________________________________________________

205 [St Francois-Xavier, a farm]

[1323-1324] Hon. Pierre Poitras Sr. (Métis, born 1810 to André/ Andrew Poitras, French Canadian, and Marguerite Grant, a Métis woman) married Marie Brilliere/ Briere/ Bruyere (Métis, born 1818/ 1820 to Baptiste Brilliere/ Briere and an unidentified First Nations woman)

– [1325-1328] Maxime 28, Pauline 18, Chrysostome 16, Elzear 14.

[#3959]

In their affidavits of 1875, Pierre Poitras Sr. and Marie Brilliere described Pierre as a farmer.

The boundary of St. François-Xavier west and White Horse Plain appears to have overlapped at Pierre Poitras’ residence, as Poitras was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia as representative for the riding of Baie St. Paul and White Horse Plain. The overlap was apparently a limited sort of loop, as much of St. François-Xavier Parish lay further to the west than Poitras’ lot.

_______________________________________________________

Manitobah

(After 1870, known as St. Laurent Parish)

_______________________________________________________

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

[1-2] Paul DeLaronde/ de Laronde/ Laronde (Métis, born 1831/ 1832 to #2799 Louis Denis Delaronde/ Laronde Sr., French Canadian, and Madeleine Boucher) married Marguerite Sinclair (Métis, born 1836 to #4382 Peter Sinclair and Marguerite Roussains/ Raupaint/ Roussin)

– [3-8] John ‘Johnny’ 14, Elise/ Eliza 12, Philomene 10, Paul 6, Alexandre 4, Judith 1.

[#2658]

In their affidavits of 1875, Paul de Laronde and Marguerite Sinclair described Paul as a farmer.

Nevertheless, Nicole J.M. St-Onge, Saint-Laurent Manitoba: Evolving Métis Identities 1850-1914 (Regina: Canadian Plains Research Centre, 2004), 19-20, describes Louis Denis Delaronde Sr. as a trader and freighter; suggests that all of his children “were actively engaged in trading,” by 1870; and implies they were not as interested in agriculture as were other Métis settlers. While this might have been true for Louis Laronde Jr. [a.k.a. Sr.], his brothers at Oak Point described themselves as farmers (see entries #2657, #2798 below).

[?] [Oak Point]

[9-10] Jacob Dayon/ Dion/ Dionne (Métis, born 1840 to Joseph Dayon/ Dion/ Dionne and an unidentified woman) married Rosalie Ducharme (Métis, born 1847 to #1360 Olivier Ducharme and Genevieve Gladu?)

– [11-13] Joseph 8, Peter 6, Genevieve 3.

[#1047]

[?] [Oak Point] [Residing at St. Boniface? on a farm. A note on the census sets the family apart: “See that these are not taken on Main River” — perhaps meaning that the entry should be checked against St. Boniface for duplication.]

[14-15] Paul Boucher (Métis, born 1821/ 1825 to Paul Boucher and Francoise St. Germain) married Louisa/ Louise Marsalais (Métis, born 1830 to Jean Baptiste Marsalais and Marie Wilkie)

– [16-21] Julie 17, Roger 15, Caroline 13, Paul 9, Alexandre 6, Annie 2.

[not #446?]

In their affidavit of 1875, Paul Boucher and Louise Marsalais described themselves as residing at St. Boniface (as they had been on 15 July 1870), and Paul as a farmer at the same place. In his affidavit of 1875, their son, Roger Boucher, also described St. Boniface as the family’s home parish and his occupation as a labourer.

[?] [Oak Point; a farm?]

[22-23] Louis Nabes dit Lecri / Nabase/ Nabasse/ Nabess/ Nabese (Métis, born 1840/ 1842 to #3379 Louis Nabase and Nancy Ledoux) married Marie Bousquet (born 1837 to Michel Bousquet, French Canadian, and Louise Vandette) [apparently not the Louis Nabase who married Mary Harriot (Métis, born 1840 to John Edward Harriot/ Harriott and Nancy Rowand)?]

– [24-29] Catherine 14, Pierre/ Peter 12, Roger 10, Charles 7, Marie Rose 4, Philomene 2.

[#3694?]

As of their affidavits of 1875, Marie Bousquet (who described her husband as a farmer at St. Charles by that time) and children — among whom Pierre described himself as a farmer — resided at St. Charles Parish. On 15 July 1870, however, they had been at Oak Point.

[?] [Oak Point]

[30-31] Michel Bousquet (Métis, born 1810 to Michel Bousquet) married Louise Vandette/ Vendette (Métis, born 1825)

– [32-33] Cyrille 16, Jean-Baptiste 13.

[#473]

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

[34-35] James Nabase/ Nabasse/ Nabess/ Nabes/ Nabese (Métis, born 1837 to #3559 Louis Nabase and Nancy Daoust) married Suzette Hallet (Métis, born 1839 to #2101 William Hallet and Suzette Lunes) [and Margaret (First Nations, born 1818)?]

– [36-39] William 8, Mary 6, Maria 5, Josephine 2.

[#3693?]

In their affidavit of 1875, James Nabase and Suzatte Hallet described James as a farmer at St. Laurent Parish MB.

[?] [Oak Point]

Louis Nabase/ Nabasse/ Nabess/ Nabes/ Nabese (Métis, born 1805; deceased) married [40] Nancy Daoust (Métis, born 1810 to Alexis Daoust and an unidentified woman) [or married Nancy Ledoux?]

– [41] Antoine 23 [c. 1847].

[#3559]

[In an affidavit of 1875, an Antoine Nabes, labourer at Baie St. Paul, born 1851, listed his parents as Louison Nabes and Nancy Ledoux (who was a resident of St. Boniface on 15 July 1870).]

[?] [Oak Point]

[42] Murdoch McCrar (Scottish, born 1842 to Donald McCrar and an unidentified woman)

[#3240]

[?] [Oak Point]

[43] William Clark (Orcadian, born 1842)

[#801]

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

[44] George Monkman (born 1852/ 1855 to James Monkman and Marguerite Richard)

[#2742]?

In his affidavit of 1875, George Monkman described his mother as the head of the family on 15 July 1870 in what was the parish of St. Laurent by 1875. By that year, George described himself as a farmer.

[?] [Oak Point]

[45] Philip Monkman (born 1849/ 1850 to James Monkman and Marguerite Ducharme)

[#3137]?

In his affidavit of 1875, Philip Monkman described his mother as the head of the family on 15 July 1870 at Oak Point. By 1875, Philip described himself as a labourer.

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

[46-47] William Rose (Métis, born 1816/ 1820 to #4223 Alexander Rose and Jane Montzini) married Nancy Sinclair (Métis, born 1825 to Peter Sinclair and an unidentified woman)

– [48-50] Charlotte 21, Sara Jane 14, Catherine 9.

– [51] John Cochrane 12 (born to First Nations parents)

[#4224]

In his affidavit of 1875, William Rose described himself as a farmer.

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

[52] Stanislas Desjarlais (Métis, born 1839/ 1845 to Joseph Desjarlais and Josephte Richard)

In his affidavit of 1875, Stanilas Desjarlais described himself as a farmer.

[?] [Oak Point]

[53-54] Joseph Desjarlais (Métis, born 1847 to #1268 Joseph Desjarlais and Louise Richards) married Mary/ Marie Malaterre/ Malater (Métis, born 1849 to James Malaterre/ Malater and an unidentified woman [or Marie Slater/ Sclater (Métis, born 1848/ 1849 to #4796 James Slater/ Sclater and Josephte Morissette)?]

– [55] Alexandre 2.

[#1283]

[?] [Oak Point]

[56] Alexandre ‘Alex’ Desjarlais (born 1840/ 1845 to Joseph Desjarlais and Suzette Richard)

In his affidavit of 1875, Alexandre Desjarlais described himself as a labourer.

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

Joseph Desjarlais (born 1810; died before 1875) married [57] Lusate/ Louisette/ Josephte Sayer (Métis, born 1815/ 1816 to #4269 Francois Sayer and Marguerite)

– [58-59] Julia 18, Mary 16.

– [60] Eliza Desjarlais 3 (born to Abraham Desjarlais and an unidentified woman)

[#1161]

In her affidavit of 1875, widow Josephte Sayer described her late husband as a farmer.

[?] [Oak Point]

[62] Charlotte Richard/ Ressard 20 (born to Francois Richard/ Ressard and an unidentified woman)

– [63] Robidou Richard/ Ressard 12 (born to George Tate and an unidentified woman)

[61] Francois Richard/ Ressard (born 1870 to Francois Ressard)

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

[64-65] Abraham McLeod Sr. (Métis, born 1825 to #3435 Antoine McLeod and an unidentified First Nations woman) married Cecile Lariviere (Métis, born 1835 to #2655 Francois Lariviere and Emilie Winsel, or Marguerite St. Germain, or Louise Lambert)

– [66-67] Abraham Jr. 23, Peter/ Pierre 15, [68-71] Alexandre 8, Patrick/ Patrice 6, Jean Baptiste 4, Mary/ Marie Celina 2.

[#3434]

In his affidavit of 1875, Abraham McLeod Sr. described himself as a farmer — as did his wife Cecile in her deposition made on behalf of her children. In his affidavit of 1875, Abraham McLeod Jr. described himself as a labourer.

[?] [Oak Point]

[72] Lusite? Goulet (born 1840 to Louis Goulet and an unidentified woman) married an unidentified woman (deceased)

– [73] Mary Goulet 18 (born to Ant.? McLeod and an unidentified woman)

– [74] Rosalie McLeod 15 (born to Ant.? McLeod and an unidentified woman)

– [75] B. McLeod 10 (born to Ant.? McLeod and an unidentified woman)

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

[76-77] Peter/ Pierre Goulet (Métis, born 1840/ 1843 to #2015 Louis Goulet and Emilie Winsel) married Mary/ Marie Charboyer/ Giboyer (Métis, born 1843/ 1846 to #728 Louis Charboyer and Louise Chartrand)

– [78-81] Peter/ Pierre 8, Louisa/ Louise 5, Madeleine 3, Flora/ Florine 1.

[#2014]

In their affidavits of 1875, Pierre Goulet and Marie Charboyer described Pierre as a farmer.

[?] [Oak Point]

[82] Louis Missiapit (First Nations, born 1835 to Missiapit)

[?] [Oak Point]

[83-84] Joseph Dayon/ Dion/ Dionne (Métis, born 1827 to Joseph Dayon/ Dion/ Dionne and an unidentified woman) married Suzette Thibault (Métis, born 1829)

– [85-91] Mary 21, Henry 17, Louisa 15, William 11, Lucien 8, Joseph 4, Francois 1.

[#1041]

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

[92-93] Antoine Chartrand (born 1834/ 1837 to Paul Chartrand and Josephte Cadotte) married Frances/ Francoise (born 1835 to First Nations parents)

– [94-100] Mary 13, Louisa/ Louise 11, Peter/ Pierre 8, Patrick/ Patrice 5, Angelina/ Angelique 3, Ellen 1.

In his affidavit of 1875, Antoine Chartrand described himself as a farmer.

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

[101-102] Paul Chartrand Sr. (Métis, born 1812 to Joseph Chartrand, French Canadian, and Lisette, a First Nations woman) married ‘Lalah’/ Josephte Cadotte (Métis, born 1813/ 1820 to #616 Laurent Cadotte, French Canadian, and Betsy William, a First Nations woman)

– [103-105] Peter 18, Norbert 15, Michel 12.

[#758]

In his affidavit of 1875, Paul Chartrand Sr. described himself as a farmer.

[?] [Oak Point? a farm]

[106-107] Antoine Desjarlais (born 1840/ 1841 to Joseph Desjarlais and Josephte Richard) married Mary/ Marie Chartrand (born 1849/ 1852 to Paul Chartrand and Josephte Cadotte)

– [108] Antoine 2.

In their affidavits of 1875. Antoine Desjarlais and Marie Chartrand described Antoine as a farmer.

[?] [Oak Point]

[109-110] Baptiste Chartrand (Métis, born 1842/ 1844 to #759 Paul Chartrand and Louise) married Mary Missiapih/ Messiapet (First Nations, born 1835) and Genevieve Robert (born 1845)

– [111-112] Angelique 4, Louis 2.

[#757]

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

[113-114] Paul Chartrand Jr. (Métis, born 1838/ 1839 to #758 Paul Chartrand Sr. and Josephte Cadotte) married Madeleine Mallet/ Maulate/ Millet (Métis, born 1842 to #3123 Joseph/ Francois Mallet/ Milet, French Canadian, and Marguerite Bourbon)

– [115-120] Marie Angel 10, H.? [X.?: Xavier?] 8, Caroline 7, Adelaide 5, E. 3, William 1.

[#756]

In their affidavits of 1875 Paul Chartrand Jr. and Madeleine Mallet described Paul as a farmer.

[?] [Oak Point, a farm]

[121-122] Louis Chartrand (Métis, born 1839/ 1840 to #758 Paul Chartrand and Josephte Cadotte) married Monique Delorme (Métis, born 1838/ 1843 to #1097 Francois Delorme and Angelique Malaterre)

– [123-127] Mary 9, LaRose 7, Moses 6, Alexandre 3, Ursule 2.

[#755]

In his affidavit of 1875, Louis Chartrand described himself as a farmer.

[?] [Oak Point]

[128-129] John Sayer (born 1840 to Baptiste Sayer and an unidentified woman) married Susate Chartrand (born 1847 to Paulette Chartrand and an unidentified woman)

– [130-132] Philomene 5, Eliza 3, Susanne 1.

[#4760]

[?] [Oak Point]

[133-134] Baptiste Sayer (born 1800) married Margaret (First Nations, born 1790 at Fort Francis)

[#4761]

[?] [Oak Point]

[135-136] Joseph Missiapit (First Nations, born 1800 to Missiapit) married Larose (First Nations, born 1810 to unknown First Nations parents)

– [137-138] Monique 50, Therese 48.

[?] [Oak Point]

[139-140] Michel Aisquass (born 1830 to Aisquass) married Margaret Missiapit (born 1824 to Joseph Missiapit and an unidentified woman)

– [141] Jane McKenzie 6 (born to Kenneth McKenzie and an unidentified woman)

 [?] [Oak Point, a farm]

John Monkman (Métis, born 1823; died 1861) married [142] Mary Richard/ Ressard (Métis, born 1820/ 1830 to Francois Richard/ Ressard and Margaret)

– [143-147] Mary 20, Nancy 18, James 16, Ellen 10, Charlotte 10.

[#2740]

In her affidavit of 1875, widow Mary Richard identified her late husband as a farmer. In his affidavit, their son, James Monkman, described himself as a farmer.

[?] [Oak Point]

James Monkman (Métis, born 1805 to #3149 James Monkman and Mary; died 1865) married [148] Margaret Richard/ Ressard (born 1820 to Francois Ressard and an unidentified woman) and Mary Richards (First Nations, born [?])

– [149-155] William 30, Francois 24, Jane 20, Annie 18, Catherine 16, Marguerite 14, Alexandre 12.

[#2739]

[? a farm]

[558-559] Antoine Desjarlais (Métis, born 1841 to Antoine Desjarlais [or #2214 Joseph Desjarlais and Josephte Richards?]) married Marie Falcon (Métis, born 1846 to #1483 Baptiste Falcon and Marie Nolin) and Mary Chartrand (Métis, born 1849 to #758 Paul Chartrand and Josephte Cadotte)

– [560-562] Peter 5, Jean Baptiste 3, Mary 1. [Antoine 2?].

[#1289]

In her affidavit of 1875, Marie Falcon described her husband as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

2, a farm

[278-279] Peter/ Pierre Chartrand (Métis, born 1827 to #759 Paul [or Joseph?] Chartrand and Louise) married Mary Pangman (Métis, born 1830 to Peter Pangman)

– [280] “Eight children”. [Pierre Jr. 20/ 19, Michel 17, Magloire 14]

[#764]

In their affidavits of 1875, Pierre Jr., Michel, and Magloire Chartrand described themselves as farmers.

_______________________________________________________

[2-9?]

[261-262] Peter Pangman [Jr.] (Métis, born 1815/ 1820 to #3788 Peter Pangman Sr. and Marguerite) married Marie/ Marguerite Short (Métis, born 1820/ 1825 to James Short and an unidentified woman)

– [263-265] Marguerite 12, Lizzie 10, Peter 8, [266-267] Patrick 6, Pierre 3.

[#3789]

[2-9?]

[268] Michel Pangman (Métis, born 1850 to Peter Pangman)

[2-9?]

[269] Angelique Pangman (Métis, born 1805 to Peter Pangman)

2-9

[270-271] Michel Chartrand (Métis, born 1829 to #759 Paul [or Joseph?] Chartrand and Louise) married Marguerite Pangman (Métis, born 1832 to Peter Pangman and an unidentified woman at Pembina, U.S.)

– [272-277] Michel 21, R. 16, Catherine 16, Alexandre 5, Patrick 4.

[#797]

_______________________________________________________

4

[226-227] Jean-Baptiste Lavallee (Métis, born 1841 to Baptiste Lavallee and [?]) married Susette Ducharme (Métis, born 1843 to Louis Ducharme and [?])

– [228-230] Jean-Baptiste 5, Mary Ann 3, [?] 1.

[#2828]

_______________________________________________________

4-8

[218-219] Joseph Lavallee (Métis, born 1829 [or 1834?] to #2806 Baptiste Lavallee [or Louis?] and Louise Ducharme) married Angelique Campbell (Métis, born 1837 [or 1842?] to #655 Alexander Campbell and Angelique Thorne)

– [220-225] Peter 9, Joseph 8, John 6, Marguerite 5, Francois 3, “Baby” 1.

[#2802]

_______________________________________________________

6

[235-236] Antoine Lavallee (Métis, born 1835 to #2806 Baptiste Lavallee and Louise Ducharme) married Isabella Chabois/ Chaboyer (Métis, born 1848 to #725) and Josephte Ducharme (Métis, born 1841 to #1358 Louis Ducharme and Julia Deschamps)

– [237] Antoine 2.

[#2804]

– [238] [Suszte?] Lavallee 15.

_______________________________________________________

7

[281-282] Louis Ducharme (Métis, born 1805/1818 to #1339 Nicholas [or Paul?] Ducharme and Charlotte at Pembina, U.S.) married Julia Deschamps (Métis, born 1823 to #1255 Joseph Deschamps and Marguerite Houle)

– [283] “Eight children”

[#1358]

_______________________________________________________

8, a farm

[214-215] Baptiste Lavallee Sr. (Métis, born 1795/ 1800 to #2810 Ignace Lavallee and Josephte, a Cree woman) married Louise Ducharme (Métis, born 1805 to #1332 Antoine Ducharme and Josephte Richards)

– [216-217] Michel 20, Marie 18.

[#2806]

In her affidavit of 1875, Louise Ducharme described her husband as a farmer. Their son, Michel Lavallee, also described himself as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

9, a farm

[249-250] Jean Baptiste Ducharme (Métis, born 1818 to Antoine Ducharme and an unidentified woman) married Catherine Allary/ Alary/ Halary (Métis, born 1825 to #41 Louison Allary and Marie Desjarlais)

– [251-260] Jean Baptiste 23, Lucie/ Lizzie 18, Jacob 16, Cuthbert 14, Louisa 12, Antoine 10, Marianne 8, Isabella 6, Eliza/ Elise 4, Catherine 2.

[#1371]

In his affidavit of 1875 and a deposition made on behalf of his children, Baptiste Ducharme described himself as a farmer at St. Laurent Parish MB. In her affidavit of 1875, Catherine Allary also described her husband as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

9-11? a farm

[239-240] Charles Chaboyer/ Chabois (born 1835/ 1843 to Louis Chabois/ Chaboyer and Louise/ Lisette Chartrand) married Charlotte Allary/ Alary (born 1840 to #41 Louison Allary and Marie Desjarlais)

– “Six children”. [Pierre 11, Norbert 8, Charlotte 3, Florestine 3, Marie Therese 2.]

[#776?]

In his affidavit of 1875, Charles Charboyer described himself as a farmer. In his deposition of 1901, Norbert Charboyer also described his father as farming at St. Laurent Parish.

_______________________________________________________

10, a farm

[231-232] André Lavallee (Métis, born 1842/ 1851 to 2806 Baptiste Lavallee and Louise Ducharme) married Eliza Chaboyer/ Chabois (Métis, born 1846/ 1852 to #728 Louis Chaboyer and Louise Chartrand)

– [233-234] Andrew 2, Jean-Baptiste 1.

[#2805]

In their affidavits of 1875, Andre Lavallee and Eliza Chaboyer described Andre as a farmer at St. Laurent Parish MB.

_______________________________________________________

11? a farm

[241-242] Joseph Chaboyer/ Chabois (Métis, born 1834/ 1843 to #728 Louis Chabois and Louise Chartrand) married Nancy Bonneau (Métis, born 1839/ 1842 to Francois Bonneau and Marie Favel)

– [243] “3 Children” ages 15, 12, [Nancy] and/ or [Marie] 4.

[#771?]

In his affidavit of 1875, Joseph Chaboyer described himself as a farmer at St. Laurent Parish MB. In his deposition of 1875, he names also his sons Joseph (born 1867), and Pierre (born 1869).

_______________________________________________________

12? a farm

[244-245] Norbert Chaboyer/ Chabois (Métis, born 1836 to Louis Chabois and an unidentified woman) married Bethsy Pangman (First Nations, born 1842)

– “two children” ages 8, 3. [Marie 2, Pierre 1]

[#773?]

In his deposition of 1875 on behalf of his children, Norbert Chaboyer described himself as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

13?

[246] Baptiste Chaboyer/ Chabois (Métis, born 1841 to Louis Chaboyer/ Chabois and an unidentified woman)

[#775?]

_______________________________________________________

15?

[247-248] Antoine Chaboyer/ Chabois (Métis, born 1842 to Louis Chabois and an unidentified woman) married Elise (a Saulteaux woman, born 1844)

– “one child” age 10.

[#774?]

In depositions made (in 1901) on behalf of his children — Philomene (who died 1871 “before treaty’), Antoine (who died 1875 “in treaty”), Marie (who died 1881 “in treaty”), and Jean (who died 1882 “in treaty”) — Antoine Chaboyer described himself as “of St. Laurent [where he had lived “about 13 years”] and before that Swan Creek.” Antoine had taken treaty with the Dog Creek Band (No. 4 Lake Manitoba Band, Treaty 2), but was discharged to take scrip in 1885, along with his daughters Arzelie (born 1885), and Marie Virginie (who was placed in an asylum at Brandon as “mentally unsound”).

_______________________________________________________

16, a farm

[209-210] Peter/ Pierre Chaboyer/ Chabois (Métis, born 1838 to Louis Chabois/ Chaboillez/ Charboyer and an unidentified woman) married Philomene de Montigny/ Monsigne (Métis, born 1841 to C. Monsigne and Marie Desjarlais)

– [211-213] Peter/ Pierre 5, Philomene 4, Elise/ Eliza 2.

[#772]

In his affidavit of 1875, made on behalf of his children, Pierre Charboyer described himself as a farmer at St. Laurent Parish MB. In her affidavit of 1875, Philomene de Montigny also described her husband as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

16-20

[207] Rev’d J.B. Parolie (Non-Aboriginal, born 1846 to J.B. Parolie and an unidentified woman, Montreal)

[#3794]

16-20

[208] Rev’d J. Mulouhill (Irish, born 1846 to C. Mulouhill and an unidentified woman)

[#1710]

_______________________________________________________

18, a farm

[194-195] Pierre Richard/ Ressard (Métis, born 1817/ 1820 to #4163 Francois Richard and Marguerite) married Isabelle Chartrand (Métis, born 1826 to [?] Chartrand, French Canadian, and Louise, a First Nations woman)

– [202] Mary 21, [196-199] Antoine 21, Michel 18, Theophile 16, Alexandre 13, [200-201, 203-205] Baptiste 10, Louise 12, Jean-Baptiste 10, Marguerite 7, Moses 5, Flora 2.

[#4164]

In their affidavits of 1875, Pierre Richard and Isabelle Chartrand described Pierre as a farmer at St. Laurent Parish MB. In his affidavit, their sons Antoine and Michel Richard also described themselves as farmers, while son Alexandre described himself as a labourer.

_______________________________________________________

19, a farm

[188-189] Francois Richard/ Ressard (Métis, born 1810/ 1814 to #4163 Francois Richard and Marguerite; died 1872) married Marguerite (Saulteaux First Nations, born 1820)

– [190-193] Peter/ St. Pierre 20, Isabelle 14, Peter/ Pierre 12, Susanne 10.

[#4167]

In her affidavit of 1875, made on behalf of her children, widowed Marguerite described her late husband as a farmer.

_______________________________________________________

19-24, a farm

[169-170] Louis Laronde Jr./ Sr. (Métis, born 1825 to #2799 Louis Denis Delaronde/ Laronde Sr. and Madeleine Boucher) married Julia/ Judith Morin/ Monal (Métis, born 1830 to Antoine Morin/ Monal and Pelagie Boucher)

– [171-180] Eliza 18, Louis Jr. 16, Gaspard 14, Charles 12, Jean Baptiste 10, Joseph 8, Josephte/ Suzette 6, Alexandre 4, Marie Pelagie 2,  Magloire 1.

[#2657]

In her affidavits of 1875 on behalf of her grandchildren, widow Madeleine Boucher-Laronde of St. Laurent Parish MB explained that the children’s father, Louis Laronde Jr. [a.k.a. Sr.] was absent and their mother, Judith Morin, had died. In his affidavit of 1876, Louis Laronde Jr. (grandson of Madeleine Boucher) described himself as a farmer at St. Laurent MB.

_______________________________________________________

19-24

[181-182] Etienne Laronde (Métis, born 1834 to Louis Denis Delaronde/ LaRonde and Madeleine Boucher) married Julienne/ Caroline Carrier (Métis, born 1838/ 1839 to Louis Carriere and Julie Marchand)

– [183-187] Philomene 11, Etienne 9, Madeleine 8, Marie 6, Marguerite 1.

[#2798]

In their affidavits of 1875, Etienne Laronde and Cariline Carriere described Etienne as a farmer at St. Laurent Parish MB.

_______________________________________________________

20?

[206] [Rev’d?] C.J. Camper (Non-Aboriginal, born 1841 to P.M. Camper and an unidentified woman)

[#668]?

_______________________________________________________

24, a farm

[156-157] Pierre Boyer (Métis, born 1825 to Peter Boyer and an unidentified woman) married Genevieve Martin/ Barnabée (Métis, born 1826 to #3064 Abraham Martin and Euphrasine Gariepy)

– [158-164] Fulgence 19, Marie Josephine 17, Damase 12, Louis 10, Albert 8, R. 6, Alexandre 3.

[#7]

In her affidavit of 1875, Genevieve Martin described her husband as a farmer. In his affidavit 0f 1875, Fulgence Boyer stated he was born in St. Francois Xavier Parish and worked as a labourer at St. Laurent Parish MB, where his father had resided on 15 July 1870. In her affidavit of 1875, Marie Josephine Boyer stated that she had been born at St. Francois Xavier and had married John Campbell, a farmer at St. Laurent).

[24? a farm]

[165-166] Antoine Bercier (born 1842/ 1848 to Baptiste Bercier and Marie St. Pierre; died before 1878) married Christienne/ Justine Boyer (born 1839/ 1848 to #7 Peter Boyer and Genevieve Martin)

– [167-168] Mary 4, Francois 1 [mistakenly listed in the census as children of Peter Bercier]

In his affidavit of 1876, Antoine Bercier stated that he was born on “the plains where my parents were wintering out,” and described himself as a farmer at St. Francois Xavier. In her affidavit, Justine Boyer also described Pierre as a farmer of that parish. The census of 1870 indicates their children were born at White Horse Plain.

_______________________________________________________

 

Advertisements

Responses

  1. Re 19-24 Louis De Laronde (Julie Morin daughter of Antoine Morin and Pelagie Boucher.

    • Many thanks — the entry has been updated.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: