New Nation 13 May


“Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia. Second Session,”;;;;;;;; (to be continued).

“Laws of Assiniboia,” passed by President and Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia 7 May 1870;;;;;;;;;;;; ;;;

“The Mail Summary,” latest Canadian papers (up to the 25 April); Ritchot and Scott have finally been released from the charges brought against them; “William Jacobs, Chief of the Six Nation Mohawk Indians, publishes a letter denying that their services were ever offered to the Canadian Government to join the Expedition to Red River”; General Sherman said likely to make headquarters at Pembina; Shultz and Mair reported to be in Ottawa trying to stir up trouble; the Expeditionary Force “dwindled” from 12,000 to 1,800;

Fenian scare seems to have fizzled

“Lost Man Found,” decomposed body of U.S. citizen lost in a 3 day March blizzard found by John Demerais at Stinking River. Thomas Ard (apparently a boy, last name Smith, was lost as well) [followed by small article at bottom of column that is unavailable at Manitobia online]

“The Concert,” notice for Queen’s birthday at court-house, discount for couples,

“Self-made Men,” celebrates the working ranks,

“Queen’s Birthday. Sportsmen Attention! There will be a Grand Target Match,” guns awarded as prizes

Not available at Manitobia online: Advertisements page, including “Licences,” “Horses Astray,” “Queen’s Birthday [concert],” “Hotel for Sale,”


“Schultz & Mair and their Associates Advocate Mob Law at Toronto to Lynch Our Delegates,”  from Stratford Beacon  (15 April 1870); Orangemen identified as hostile; brother of Thomas Scott charges that delegates Ritchot and Scott were accessories to murder; entire group criticized.

“Schemes in Canada,” characterizes Canada as an “unfortunate country” with “miserable people” according to what its newspapers print about “designing and ambitious men … unprincipled scoundrels … imposters” who seek to sow discord with the people of Red River; expresses shock at the vilification of Red River people; points out Canada has no right to subjugate a sister colony and “no right whatever to make war against, or attack a people who claim the same allegiance as itself”; the people of Red River are British subjects and look to Britain to protect the rights “that they have made a stand for”; “Had the mad attempts of the partizans of McDougall never been made in our midst, we would not have suffered as we have done”, any divisions within the settlement would have been “easily settled; .

“The Flea in the Fable,” suggests Schultz and Mair will get their comeuppance

“Extract from a Letter picked up on the street. A Precious Pair. How some people have been gulled by their friends,” extract of letter from Dr. Bown to Dr. Schultz: “Now Dr., the friends of the Company are trying to crush you and your paper.” (This was written while Dr. Bown’s name appeared as the legal proprietor). “Now we must try and be independent of the settlement  and can only be so by drawing foreign subscribers and advertisements, and this can only be done by the press of Canada coming out strong in your favor. Therefore I would get some of my editorial friends in Canada to commence an attack upon the aforesaid persecution of the Hon. H.B.Co. against your paper, and calling on the Canadian public to support …” go on to describe plot “Certainly a precious lot of contents for a fictitious letter! The public of Canada are of course quite ignorant of the fact that the Hon. H.B.Co. liberally advanced Dr. Schultz the money to purchase the Nor’-Wester. It was afterwards supposed to fall into the hands of Dr. Bown.”

“A Loyal Deputation,” comment on and dismissal of James Lynch’s letter to Sir John Young describing imprisonment of “loyal” people at Fort Garry and claiming to represent 2/3 of the Red River population

“The Mohawks,” letter to the editor, Globe: “Sir,—We very much regret to learn by The Globe that the public have been informed of a great misunderstanding—that is, of the Six Nation Indians being ready to go to war to the Red River at a minute’s notice. It is not at all the case. We know nothing of the kind, and deny it positively, as it is no more than a falsehood. We had not yet heard of any riot r disturbance being made at the Red River at the time it was put in press; neither did George Johnson mention anything of the kind to the Chiefs or Warriors nor even to this time. He is not a Chief, but only an Interpreter, and therefore do not look to him as our leader or adviser. He has informed us that he is frequently deranged, and it may be possible that he was in one of these fits when he put such a thing in press, for one in his right mind would not do a thing so untrue.

I remain, Yours most respectfully, William Jacobs, Chief and Warrior of the Six Nations. Tuscarora, G.R., 18th April, 1870.”

“Are the Red River People Rebels?” from St. Paul Press. Thomas Scott is characterized as “repeatedly participating in armed insurrections against [the provisional] authority and attempting to incite a sanguinary civil war, with a view to its overthrow”; explains why Canada had no jurisdiction in the territory “under any modern theory of the foundation of governmental authority”; describes only government in Rupert’s Land as “the President and Legislative and Executive council established by the people of the Territory in convention assembled; points out the HBC had only provisional government, and failed to institute responsible and representative government for the people; points out HBC resident authority and his Council of Assiniboia recognized “the Riel government … surrendering all the functions of government to it”; points out Mcdougall’s proclamation  [later proved a forgery] brought HBC authority to an end;  asserts Canadaian government “has itself repeatedly recognized the Riel government as the de facto government … in the admitted absence of any other authority” the recognition given “both in terms and through its commissioners and representatives” sent to the settlement; classifying Red River people as rebels is “balderdash”;  identifies behaviour of Canada Party members as threatening the lives of settlers and as “irresponsible adventurers from Canada”; French Canadian press characterizes the treatment of Red River in the press as “a war of races”; again blame is laid on Canada Party for attempting to bring about civil war; Canada is accused of blundering into nearly bringing about war with the North-West that would include “Indians, the Fenians, and nobody knows what else”; notes that the French and English of the settlement “are so united by intermarriage … that they constitute in fact one family and one people, and it is for this reason that all efforts of the Canadians to excite a conflict between the two sections have utterly failed”; more likely the “hot heads” of Ontario will incite a war with the French of Lower Canada;

“Pembina News,” Henry McKenney has purchased six acres from Hon. Jospeh Rolette. McKenney to build a steam saw mill. 1000 Irish immigrants expected to arrive.

“Queen Victoria and the United States,” reprinted from the Boston Transcript,


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