New Nation 28 Jan.


New Nation information:

“Published every Friday, in Mr. A.G.B. Bannatyne`s Buildings, Town of Winnipeg”

Subscription and advertising rates for the New Nation

“Delivery of the New Nation,” the paper:

“will be published every Friday, at the Printing Office of Robinson & Co., rear of Messrs. Bannatyne & Begg’s store. It will be delivered on the same day, or at farthest the next day, at the following Stations in each district: Portage La Prairie—The Post Office; Mr. C. House’s. High Bluff—Post Office; Mr. Alexandre’s; Mr. John McDonnell’s. Poplar Point—Mr. D. Spence’s School; Mr. George McKay’s. White Horse Plains—Mr. Cowley’s. Headingly—Headingly School; Mr. James Cunningham. Sturgeon—Mr. A. Murray’s; Mr. R. Tait’s. St. James’s—H.B.Co’s store. Upper Fort Garry. Town of Winnipeg—New Nation Office. St. John’s—Mr. Boyd’s store. Kildonan—Mr. John Fraser’s; Kildonan School. St. Paul’s–Mr. Hugh Pritchard’s; St. Paul’s School. Park’s Creek—The School. St. Andrew’s—M.W. Scott’s; St. Andrew’s School. Little Britain—Mr. Donald Gunn’s. Mapleton and Indian Settlement—Lower Fort Garry.” [signed H.M. Robinson & Co.]

[see also]

“The New Nation, Notice,” distribution curtailed,

“limited to the regular subscription list; less political matter in future, aim to provide “an interesting and readable home paper … To those who differ from us politically, we have only to say that in taking this paper they are not supposed to support our views, and that our columns are open to the contributions of all. Any newspaper published in this Colony will have to depend upon foreign subscriptions and advertisements for its support, and the refusal of any one to takr it will not for one moment stop its issue.”

“Convention at Fort Garry,”;;;;;;;;

“A Strange Government,” Canada is a foreign country to Red River; its behaviour has inspired preference to annex to the United States

“Our Canadian Heroes. William the Frozen. The Wily Conservator, Exploits of the Braves,” comparison of McDougall to Don Quixote; Col. J.S. Dennis. “Conservator of the Peace” compared to Sancho Panza; comments from the Canadian press on the “Canadian invasion … driven back so ignominiously from the barriers of Riviere St. Norbert”

from Hamilton Spectator — satirical comparison of Dennis to Ulysses with “the powers of Harlequinade,” mentions his previous failure at Fort Erie, unflattering comparison of his counselling of McDougall to that of Achithophel to Absalom,,

reports that Dennis disguised himself as a woman (using racialized language) to bring McDougall’s bogus proclamation into the settlement, after which he returned to Pembina

“The Responsibility Laid on McDougall,” from the Montreal News: “Whenever an enterprise miscarries, the chief actor, if of inferior metal, casts the blame on others” then describes McDougall’s behaviour, note American press complain he violated their territory by launching a military expedition from Pembina without authorization, “there can be no question now that Col. Dennis and others were employed by Mr. McDougall to organize a force of Swampy Indians” to take control of Red River, “the most ridiculous part of the farce is that the territory which he wished to reduce to obedience never had been transferred to the Dominion,,

McDougall blamed for fanning the flames of resistance in ridiculous manner, and for the transfer not taking place because Canada has now declined to forward payment to the HBC

“The North-West Embroglio,” from the Toronto Globe: complains of gross mismanagement of transfer “The first great mistake was the system of Government fixed upon. There has been, apparently, a resolution on the part of the Government to ignore the inhabitants of the North-West altogether, and to have the whole machinery of Government carried on by strangers, and what many there would regard as aliens.” In addition, there was no effort to get the HBC and Councillors of Assiniboia onside “They have been so utterly ignored that the common civility of officially notifying Gov. MacTavish of the proposed changes has not taken place to this hour”, McDougall was over-bearing and should not have resorted to force;

the Quebec Mercury—reports poverty and outward migration in its province

“La question du Nord Ouest,” [French language] the people of Red River have much in common with those in Canada, especially with respect to a commitment to securing fundamental rights, such as the right to live in an orderly society; discussion of confederation and provinces seeking protection civil and political liberties; discussion of Canada’s intent with respect to annexing the North-West; discussion of representation within the Union of provinces; ;

dismissal of argument that people of Red River are ‘rebels’; there is neither rebellion or revolution taking place; there is opposition to co-subjects of Britain—Canada–dictating outcomes for fellow colonists of the province of “Winnipeg”; this is an important historical moment for the North-West; protection of civil, political, and religious rights must be considered; the activities of McDougall, Dennis and Mair had to be suspended to ensure rights were recognized; the people were being treated as though they were barbarians without any notion of proper political structuring or civilized practices and so were undeserving of being considered for citizenship; the sentiments put forward by McDougall, Dennis, Mair, Ross, and Schultz were unacceptable to the majority in the North-West;

“Acrobatic,” Canadian press tries to put spin on McDougall fiasco

John Christian Schultz in the News:

“The political prisoner, Doctor Schultz, made his escape from Fort Garry on Sunday night last. It appears the Doctor was confined in an upper room of one of the buildings at the Fort, closely attended by a guard. On the evening in question he requested the guard to retire from the room whilst he changed his clothes. The guard being gone the Doctor cut his robe into strips, and having by some means procured a large gimblet which he inserted into the wall below the window sill, he fastened a line to it and let himself down to the ground. Two strange cutters were seen about the Fort late in the night, which leads to the supposition that his escape was effected with the knowledge of some outside parties. Be this as it may, certain it is that the redoubtable Doctor is once more enjoying his daily rations, without having his potatoes probed by a bayonet, and is permitted the luxury of a clean shirt collar without the ceremony of an examination for letters in cipher.”

“Can a Woman Keep a Secret?” comment countering the periodical, Nineteenth Century of Charleston:  argues it is men who can’t keep a secret.

“The Nineteenth Century, a periodical published in Charleston, thus treats this can’t keep a secret. It is just the reverse—women can, men can’t. Women carry with them secrets that would kill any man. Woman never tells; man always does. Woman suffers and dies; man blabs and lives. Man cannot keep a secret; woman cannot make it known. What is sport to man, is death to woman. Adam was a sneak. Eve would have kept the apple a secret. Be ye faithful. Who ever heard of a woman talk about her lover’s fiascos? Everybody has heard a man gossip. Man delights in telling his illicit conquests; woman would cut her tongue out  first. Men are coarse in their club room talk; women are refined in their parlor conversation. Who ever heard of a woman telling of her lovers? Who has not listened to the dissipation of the men? Men boast; women don’t. Women never tell tales out of school; men are always blabbing. So down with another old adage. Woman can keep a secret, and her ability to do so is proved by the conduct of a St. John’s (Newfoundland) girl who did not tell her lover she was worth four millions in her own right until after the marriage.”

Weather news: severe cold and snow reported [last line cut off at Manitobia site, sentence reads, “Quite a fall of snow occurred rendering the road heavy for people”]

Died: “A melancholy death,” Clyman Fiddler, who suffered from epilepsy, frozen to death returning home from White Horse Plain, leaves wife and family

Notice: R. H. McLaughlin ill, Daguerrean Gallery closed, photographs will not be taken until 20 February

Notice: “Billy” Cosgrove and John Lennon “fitting up the building between Emmerling’s Hotel and Mr. McKenny’s store for a Saloon”


“Woman’s Privileges,” the example of Illinois is presented:

“The privileges of woman under the laws and constitution of Illinois are, on the whole, much more satisfactory than in many other places, even if it be not quite so satisfactory as Mrs. Stanton might desire. Under the Constitution, the only distinctions made against them are the withholding of the rights of suffrage, of paying the poll-tax, and of serving in the militia. They are entitled to hold any office unless in the militia. They reach their years earlier than men. Men are liable, in addition to their own debts, for those of their wives contracted before or after marriage – for those debts their property may be taken in execution. On the other hand, women retain after marriage their property which they possessed previously. They may hold it and its profits free from any debts of the husband and beyond his legal control. Should a man die intestate and without descendants, his widow takes one-half his real estate and all his personal estate, besides being entitled to her dower. But if a dies intestate, without children, the husband only inherits one-half her real estate. The wife may disinherit the husband, but the husband cannot disinherit the wife. The mutual concurrence of husband and wife is necessary to the sale of their real estate. The husband’s salary or income may be taken to pay his wife’s debts, but her earnings are not liable for any of the debts of her husband. Married women are not allowed to execute bonds or enter into covenants of any kind.”

“The True Standard of Dress,” adapted from Arthur’s Home Magazine, advice to “girls”: fashion not as important as “domestic affection, conscience, self-respect, honor” when it comes to true “higher beauty of womanhood.”

“Strong Character,” the measure of a man in his behaviour by Rev. F.W. Robertson.

“What you May and May Not Call a Man,”

Trans-Atlantic telegraph cables:  “A new ocean telegraph company under the management of American citizens, has just obtained authority to lay its cable via the Azores.” (communications technology)

“Preparation of the Peabody Funeral Train.” Boston Journal, Eastern Railroad of Salem preparing funeral train to convey body of George Peabody (died 4 November 1869, buried temporarily at Westminster Abbey, shipped to U.S. aboard the Monarch [newest largest British naval vessel]) from Portland to Peabody Mass.

“To Triumph,” verse from Halifax Chronicle: Oh! for a harp, such as in [illegible]’s band, And nothing less—might suitably command …

“In School Days,” verse by John Greenipaf Whittle (poem — romantic; nostalgic)

“Burning the Records,” Madison County, Ill.: court house found to have vagrant living in it and keeping warm by burning the records in the stove.  (humor)

“Men who dot the i’s – pugilists.” humor, jokes

Sample of Advertisements:

W.H. Lyon, dry goods, groceries, hardware &c., Winnipeg

J.C. Kennedy, gunsmith, Town of Winnipeg

“firearms of all descriptions for sale, repairs made with expedition, and at reasonable rates”

John Higgins, dry goods and hardware, Winnipeg and Headingly


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