New Nation 3 June

[filed online at Manitobia site as 3 May 1870]

On the Masthead:

“The New Nation, A Weekly Journal, Published every Friday, in Mr. A. G. Bannatyne’s Buildings, Town of Winnipeg. Subscription, Ten Shillings ($2.50) per annum.”

“Hearts resolved and hands prepared

The blessings we enjoy to guard”



“Our Defence,” rejects “rebellion” as the character of the “resistance.” Criticizes Mr. Brown of the Globe “We are neither a subjugated nor a conquered people; but, on the contrary, our actions as British subjects has been such as will, with the calming down of prejudicial excitement, and with cool investigation, prove to he world that we are worthy of the name of Britons, even in resisting the authority of a people speaking the same language and living under the same flag, who would attempt to say, you are not British subjects—you have no rights as British subjects. In the defence of these rights we have been assailed as rebels and murders, and with such epithets. Let the investigation come. That will show to the world who have been the real aggressors.”;

“Three lives have been, unhappily, lost in the defence of our rights; and the only wonder to-day is that three hundred have not been lost. Nothing but wise and able generalship prevented a civil war in our little Settlement, and, along with it, the ruin and destruction of all. For preventing such, and, because in doing this, we dared to imprison Canadians and firebrands, we have been abused and vilified by Canadian newspapers as ‘unworthy the name of civilized people. … Searching investigation will prove to the world who were the primary murders of the three unfortunate men who lost their lives by the Portage movement—two of them natives of Red River and one a Scotchman, and not a Canadian, as has been represented. On the heads of the leaders of the Portage movement lies the whole responsibility of the blood of these three men. … Those who desire to make this the land of their adoption and future home, we would ask, simply, to bear in mind the golden rule, ‘Do unto others as you would that others should do unto you.” A tremendous immigration and rapid advancement is anticipated.

“The Cavalry,” report on “manoeuvres as cavalry firing parties” under the leadership of Col.-Commandant Gay. Lieut. John Cyr’s adroitness praised.

“Manitoba. Letter to John A. Macdonald” dated 3 June 1870:Thomas Spence seeks to correct mistaken notions, reject ridicule, and refute allegations made about the attempt to set up an independent “Government and Council of Manitoba,” at Portage La Prairie. Includes text of letter 19 February 1868, to the Secretary of State for Colonial Affairs, London, England; which letter sets out the boundaries of the territory; denies Republicanism was a feature of the movement;

Though there was a president of the council (Spence), they requested that William Mactavish be made Lieutenant Governor. Spence scolds Macdonald on the grounds that he had had every opportunity to be fully informed and should have known better.

“Photography,” Joe Langevin, “the well-known and excellent artist, succeeded in obtaining a fine negative, to-day, of President Riel, in group with a number of members of the Government and prominent defenders of the people’s rights.” He is reported to be leaving for Georgetown, but will return with copies of the photo, for sale at McLaughlin’s Picture Gallery.

“Quick Travelling,” Tom Laroque, pilot of the steamer International arrived from St. Cloud, overland, with a copy of the St. Paul Press of 29 May 1870, and rumor that Schultz was at Duluth and Rainy Lake.

“Arrivals,”  at Emmerling House: Mr. Freeman of London, England; Charles Battineau of St. Joseph, Dakota Territory; Mrs. Sonderman of St. Paul; Miss Lizzie Emmerling of Germany; J.B. Holmes of Portage la Prairie. At Devlin’s Hotel: Mr. Smith, of Pembina; Col. Hancock, U.S. Infantry, of Pembina.

“Dr. Cowan,” notice that he and family have left the settlement for Norway House, York Factory, and England.

 “House Building,” Alexander Sutherland Jr. has a two-storey store and houses under construction at the Portage.

“Select Entertainment,” Mr. and Mrs. Steel, musicians, will give a series of concerts.

“Are they Coming?” George Emmerling [described as fat and jolly] dropped in at the newspaper office, with a large grasshopper that “Shust tropt vrom ze glouds,—bust um!”

“The Newspaper,” quotes Henry Ward Beecher: “A newspaper is a window through which men look out on all that is going on in the world—without a newspaper a man is shut up in a small room, and knows little or nothing of what is happening outside of himself. In our day, newspapers keep pace with history and record it. A good newspaper will keep a sensible man in sympathy with the world’s current history. It is an ever unfolding encyclopedia; an unbound book forever issuing and never finished.”


“News from the Delegates,” notice of telegram, dated 20 May 1870, received by the Government of Assiniboia from Ritchot in Ottawa, advising that he was heading back to Red River, with the terms.

“The Expedition,” notice of the progress of the Red River Expeditionary force from Canada.

“Both Sides,”  Sir George Cartier during debate on the Manitoba bill, reputed to call for general amnesty that “of course … would include all.”

“St. Paul and Pacific Railway” main line has been completed.

“James Wallace ‘The Major,’ At His Old Tricks.” Letter to the editor reprinted from the Globe in which Wallace protests that he never wrote a letter attributed to him (by the New Nation) and printed in the Globe. The New Nation in turn comments, characterizing Wallace as “an impudent liar.”

“Captain Cameron again,” reprinted from the Globe: Cameron is reported to be designated new Chief of Police for the new province of Manitoba. According to the initial report of the postmaster at Pembina, Cameron was a small man, with “long boots,” who sported an eyeglass, and was a featherweight. The postmaster now appears to think Cameron was the only decent one out of MacDougall’s party. Cameron is described as having a “haw-haw manner of speaking” and prone to going on about “blawsted fences.”

“An Indian Scare, Heroic Conduct of a Globe Correspondent” ridicules a Globe correspondent. Bottom of column carries notice that Lord and Lady Northcote with two of their sons are travelling to Fort Garry.


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