#List of Rights circa 16 November 1869

Previous List: #List of Rights as of 27 September [sic: 27 October]


Reportedly, the list of rights below had been formulated by 16 November 1869.[1]

The terms were agreed upon by the Convention of Twenty-four on 1 December 1869 and were repeated in subsequent versions of the Red River List/ Bill of Rights.


1. The right to elect our Legislature.

2. The Legislature to have power to pass all laws, local to the Territory, over the veto of the Executive, by a two-third vote.

3. No act of the Dominion Parliament (local to this Territory) to be binding on the people until sanctioned by their representatives.

4. All sheriffs, magistrates, constables, etc., etc., to be elected by the people — a free homestead pre-emption law.

5. A portion of the public lands to be appropriated to the benefit of schools, the building of roads, bridges and parish buildings.

6. A guarantee to connect Winnipeg by rail with the nearest line of railroad — the land grant for such road or roads to be subject to the Legislature of the Territory.

7. For 4 years the public expenses of the Territory, civil, military and municipal, to be paid out of the Dominion treasury.

8. The military to be composed of the people now existing in the Territory.

9. The French and English language to be common in the Legislature and Council, and all public documents and acts of Legislature to be published in both languages.

10. That the Judge of the Superior Court speak French and English.

11. Treaties to be concluded and ratified between the Government and several tribes of Indians of this Territory, calculated to insure peace in the future.

12. That all privileges, customs and usages existing at the time of the transfer to be respected.

13. That these rights be guaranteed by Mr. McDougall before he be admitted into this Territory.

14. If he have not the power himself to grant them, he must get an act of Parliament passed expressly securing us these rights; and until such act be obtained, he must stay outside of the Territory.

15. That we have a full and fair representation in the Dominion Parliament.


Next List: #List of Rights c. 5 December 1869


[1] W.L. Morton ed., Alexander Begg’s Red River journal: and other papers relative to the Red River resistance of 1869-1870 (Toronto: Champlain Society, 1956), 69 n. 1, see also 428, notes “As early as November 1, ‘Spectator’ had written the Daily Press of St. Paul [MN],” with the text of the list. The United States Consul at Winnipeg, James Wickes Taylor, “reported these prospective demands” to United States Secretary of State Hamilton Fish “on November 16.” See also Hartwell Bowsfield, The James Wickes Taylor Correspondence 1859-1870 (Winnipeg: Manitoba Record Society, 1968), 122 n. 314.


Published 1 September 2014


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