Posted by: hallnjean | March 5, 2011


William MacDougall“The Manitoba Bill has a history which is too important to be relegated to the limbo of unrecorded controversies.”  [William MacDougall, “Letter VII,” The Red River Rebellion: Eight Letters to Hon. Joseph Howe (Toronto: Hunter, Rose and Company, 1870), 44.]

“Métis were leaders in the creation of Manitoba and it is important to reflect both the historical role and the cultural distinctness of the Métis as one of Manitoba’s Aboriginal peoples.” [Government of Manitoba, From the Past Into the Future: Manitoba Métis Policy (September 2010).]

Pioneer“[W]e form a separate colony of people with different views of life, distinct habits, and different interests and necessities.” [“Annexation, Our Manifest Destiny,” Pioneer/ New Nation (1 December 1869; 7 January 1870): 2. See also “Red River Peculiarities,” Nor’-Wester (1 July 1861), 2 columns 3-4.]

louis riel blue dot“I left my farm where I was working when I was told we were to be transferred to another power without being consulted. I will fight for the last until we get a representative Government. I want not your money, and when our point is gained, I will go back to my farm again.” [Louis Riel, quoted by A.G.B. Bannatyne, in Canada, Parliament, House of Commons, Debates of the House of Commons of the Dominion of Canada, 3d session, 3d parliament, 1876, ed. A.M. Burgess (Ottawa: McLean, Roger & Co., 1876), 804.]

“[M]anifestly, we have to form a Government in order to secure the safety of life and property, and establish a feeling of security in men’s minds, and remove a sense of apprehension that it is not desirable should continue for a moment. How often have we not, on our side, expressed a fear as to the security of property and life. It is our duty to put an end to this, and it will be our glory as well as our duty.” [Louis Riel, 8 February 1870, Day 13 of The Convention of Forty/ La Grande Convention (25 January – 10 February, 1870).]

Tribune“If we enjoy today our full autonomy as  a province in the Confederation, we owe it to Riel and his wise councillors. History will acknowledge him as a far-sighted patriot who secured representation for Western Canada.” [Samuel-Auguste Nault, quoted in “Metis Honor Leaders of Louis Riel’s Day,” The Winnipeg Evening Tribune (8 July 1940), 3.]

LAA cover“The work of the Assembly stands as evidence that Manitoba was built on a promising precedent: cross-cultural consideration was a feature of planning for a collective future.” [Click image to link to a brief and preliminary historical overview of the formation and accomplishments of the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia devised for The Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia History Project, 2010.]


This site is under construction with content yet to be sorted and refined. The thesis directing compilation of content: The issue of what form of government the people of Assiniboia would have after union with Canada was fundamental to the Resistance.


Points worth keeping in mind:

  • Annexation of Rupert’s Land (as a dependent and subject territory, not as a political partner) was Canada’s initial plan. Confederation (joining the initial confederation of 1867 as a province with representation in the House of Commons) was an outcome of the Resistance.
  • There were approximately 11,999 people at Red River Settlement during 1869-1870 who were not Louis Riel; women made up roughly half of the population; and children (under the age of 21) about 60 percent.



About hallnjean

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  1. I just discovered your excellent website! I spotted a couple of very small errors. I would like to let you know about them.

    • Thank you Barbara. I am always grateful for any proofreading help. Please feel free to note any errors or omissions as a comment and they will be corrected.

  2. This is a very small item, but in your 1800 – 1826 page, 1820, you have In Britain: Lord Selkirk dies. To be absolutely correct, it should be: 1819 – In Britain: September – Lord Selkirk leaves with his family for the healthier climate of Europe. Then, 1820 – In France: Lord Selkirk dies, aged 48. Something like that.

    In your Notes on Place Names section, the second map of Canada has the caption: “Assiniboia and Canada 1869, separated by approximately 300 km/500 miles through the Canadian shield”. I assume your caption is meant to read “approximately 500 km/300 miles”. Given the driving distance from Winnipeg to Thunder Bay is about 440 miles or 700 km, I was curious about the distance, and your map. I didn’t realize that ‘Canada’ actually included all the land around the top of Lake Superior in 1869 till I saw your map. Was the westernmost point of ‘Canada’ around Upsala? I looked around on the internet but couldn’t find an exact reference point because of course those small towns along PTH 1 were founded many years later. I learn something new every day.

    Thanks for your excellent site. It’s massive! Do you do all the work on it yourself?

    • Thank you so much Barbara! Oh those devilish details. I’m learning too — not sure I’ve ever had Selkirk’s death date/ place properly sorted. I’ll get the points you noted fixed, I hope soon-ish, but, yes I do the writing, posting, editing myself, so it sometimes takes a while.

      Much gratitude,

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